Why does not the pear blossom and bear fruit, and what to do?

Why does not the pear blossom and bear fruit, and what to do?

Why doesn't the pear blossom and bear fruit? There are various reasons why a pear does not bear fruit. Let's consider them in order.

In botany, pear defined as class dicotyledonous, department flowering, family pink, genus pear (lat. Pyrus). The height of the trunk is up to 20-25 m, the diameter of the crown is up to 5 m. There are about five thousand varieties of pears... Individual trees can live up to two hundred years. The average yield of harvesting fruits is about five tons per hectare, the maximum harvest from one tree is up to one ton. There are 33 types of pears... According to the safety and time of harvesting, types of pears are subdivided into summer, autumn and winter.

The main reasons why it does not bloom and bear fruit

Pear is a rather unpretentious plant and does not require any special conditions for its growth.

But, of course, good soil, adequate lighting and loosening of the soil have a beneficial effect on it. So unfavorable conditions can affect its flowering and fruiting.

It is known that almost all varieties of pears are self-fertile. I.e for pears, cross-pollination is required, since their own pollen does not form an ovary. Therefore, it is necessary that there are several varieties of pears in the garden.

It is important to take into account that the timing of their ripening coincides. The same problem can be solved by grafting a branch of another variety on a pear of one variety.

Frost is the second reason, affecting the flowering and fruiting of pears. In this case, it is necessary to provide for the effect of cold on various parts of the plant:

  • in early spring, flowers, buds and ovaries do not tolerate frost, therefore, when choosing seedlings, it is not advisable to purchase southern varieties (unless, of course, you live in the middle or northern lane). Heat-loving varieties in these conditions require additional care for their protection, for example, with plastic films;
  • at the beginning of winter, there is still little snow as a natural insulation. And the temperature has already dropped enough to freeze the roots of the plant and destroy or weaken it. In these cases, you need to take care of the insulation of the roots, covering them around the perimeter with some kind of insulation (leaves, branches, needles);
  • also from frost in winter the bark of a tree can burst. In this case, covering up the damage with clay, garden pitch, followed by wrapping with a cloth will help;
  • the cold north wind is also unfavorable for the pear. Therefore, when planting, you should take this into account and find a sufficiently protected place for the seedling (for example, a fence, a wall, etc.).

It should be taken into account that and insufficient illumination can also adversely affect pear yields. Therefore, while protecting the tree from the wind, you need to take care of its sufficient illumination.

Poor fruiting can also be caused by inept tree planting. After planting, the root collar of the pear should be approximately at the level of the soil surface.

Otherwise, if the neck is high above the ground, then the tree should be earthed. And if, on the contrary, it is low, then the excess land must be scooped up and discarded.

Pear doesn't like transplant... This is especially true for large seedlings. This should be avoided whenever possible. And if, nevertheless, this does not work out, then you need to additionally take care of the young seedling, watering it enough.

But sometimes, even under favorable conditions, the pear may not bear fruit. The reason for this may be simple - julienne.

There are varieties of pears that bloom for the first time and begin to bear fruit only in the 10th or even 15th year of life. There is nothing you can do about it, except to vaccinate him of another variety.

Another misfortune for pears is pests, for example, copperhead. Even in early spring, it can damage the buds, even without allowing them to bloom.

The pear also has other enemies, for example, apple blossom beetle, moth. In addition, these pests are able to bring fungi with them onto the tree, which subsequently form a dark bloom on the leaves.

Nutrient Depleted Soil, can also cause a lack of fruiting. Lack of nitrogen can make up for manure. It is also advisable to purchase and enrich the soil with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.

As with protecting the tree from the wind, you also need to not overdo it. If the soil is oversaturated with manure and fertilizers, this can lead not to the growth of fruits, but to an increased growth of branches and leaves.

Such an increase creates a strong thickening of the crown of the pear. This unproductive waste of the strength of the tree adversely affects the harvest. The fruits from this become smaller and their number decreases. therefore the crown of the tree requires regular pruning.

In this case, it follows mainly remove young shoots growing inside the crown... And branches growing up at a large angle should be bent down and fixed horizontally.

But here, too, a reasonable and commensurate approach is needed. Pruning too hard can deplete a weak tree even more. Therefore, while the seedlings have not yet begun to bear fruit, pruning should be tried to be kept to a minimum.

Pear does not like high acidity of the soil, as well as waterlogging it. Therefore, when watering, you need to take this into account.

This can also lead to too high groundwaterat which the roots of the tree begin to rot. It is advisable to avoid this trouble even when planting a seedling on the site.

In what year after planting the tree begins to bear fruit: varietal characteristics

The pear does not have a certain age at the beginning of fruiting. This age for different varieties of pears varies greatly - from 10-15 years, to ultra-fast varieties of one year.

Below is the age of the beginning of fruiting of some popular pear varieties in alphabetical order:

  • Annushka - 1-2 years after planting;
  • Bergamot - for 7-8 years;
  • Bere Bosc - for 6-7 years;
  • Bessemyanka - by 8-9;
  • Veles - for 5-7 years;
  • Victoria - for 6-7 years;
  • Williams - for 5-6 years;
  • Children - for 4-5 years;
  • Duchess - for 5-6 years;
  • Forest beauty - for 6-7 years;
  • Lemon - for 7-8 years;
  • Honey - for 3 years;
  • Moldavian early - for 3-4 years;
  • Nika - for 5-6 years;
  • November - for 3-4 years;
  • In memory of Yakovlev - for 3-4 years;
  • Petrovskaya - for 3-4 years;
  • Pushkinskaya - for 4-5 years;
  • Rogneda - for 3-4 years;
  • Rossoshanskaya late - for 5-6 years;
  • Siberian - for 4-5 years;
  • Fabulous - for 5-7 years;
  • Early ripening - for 5 years;
  • Treasure - for 5-7 years;
  • Talgar beauty - for 4-5 years;
  • Favorite - for 7-8 years;
  • Chizhovskaya - for 3-4 years.

How many years on average bears fruit?

It is impossible to answer this question unambiguously. According to this indicator, pear varieties are very diverse. This period can last 10 and 50 years. After the decay of fruiting, the tree dies very quickly.

Statistically the maximum fruiting age of pear trees is considered to be 60-70 years... But statistics, of course, contain exceptions. Cases have been recorded when pears reached the age of one hundred and even 150 years.

Now you can still meet with us 100 Years Old Lemon Pear Variety... Its longevity, against the background of other varieties, also differs Common pear... Its life span is up to 120 years, and under favorable conditions, it bears fruit for up to two hundred years.

Will a pear bear fruit if it is alone?

This question has already been partially answered above. But let's say a few more words about this.

Pears are predominantly cross-pollinated plants. Therefore, self-pollination does not lead to the formation of an ovary. And therefore, the probability of the birth of fruits in one pear in the garden is small.

It is good in this case if pears grow at neighbors on the site. But you can solve this problem yourselfplanting together (at a distance of 3-4 meters) several different varieties of pears.

And if the lack of space does not allow this, then you can plant 1-2 branches of another variety on a variety of one pear.

However, there are pear varieties capable of self-pollination... This phenomenon is quite rare, and therefore very valuable. Therefore, here are some of them.

These include: Banquet, Bere winter Michurina, In memory of Yakovlev, Chizhovskaya, Yubileynaya Korneeva.

How to make it bear fruit, what to do

Above, in the section on the analysis of the reasons for the infertility of pears, this issue has already been largely covered. Now it remains to add that the constant fruiting of pears will contribute the following recommendations:

  1. To access the root system for more oxygen, you should periodically loosen the soil under the tree. The pear loves it and will respond with an increase in fertility.
  2. In a dry summer, additional watering of the pear will not hurt, although it is a drought-resistant plant.
  3. It is also necessary to fertilize with manure, compost and mineral fertilizers. It is convenient to combine this with loosening digging. For a tree, five kilograms of manure is enough once every 2 years, and 50 grams of superphosphate.

The rest of the measures to increase fruiting (protection from frost, hilling and digging in, the fight against pear pests, reasonable pruning of the thickening of the crown, grafting of high-yield varieties) have already been discussed above.

Pear is a valuable and beloved fruit tree, bearing aromatic and amazingly delicate taste fruits.

Preserves, jams, compotes, jam and just dried pears allow you to remember the past summer and appreciate this unpretentious tree.

You just have to take a little extra care of it, and it will gratefully respond to your care with a bountiful harvest.


Why does the pear not bloom

You can often hear that pears are quite whimsical plants for central Russia. Say, they can bear fruit weakly and even stop giving color. By the way, the second problem is quite common among gardeners. Therefore, we decided to tell you why the pear does not bloom and what to do in this situation.


When it begins to bear fruit

Having planted a young seedling, a person expects early fruiting, which does not come from year to year. Each variety has its own timing of flower formation and fruit ripening. There are those who delight with the harvest in the 3rd year after planting. Some specimens bear fruit after 12-15 years.

How many years does it bear fruit

The duration of fruiting is also different, each variety has its own. Noticing that the pear has stopped yielding, people sound the alarm. First you need to figure it out. If a tree has been actively producing pears for several years in a row, and then stopped, then its fruiting period has come to an end.


How to make a tree bear fruit

Based on the reasons for the lack of a crop, several methods can be distinguished on how to make a pear bear fruit:

  1. Check the conditions for tree pollination. It may be worth getting a series of vaccinations against other pear varieties. This will give them the opportunity to grow under suitable conditions for cross-pollination.
  2. If the pear is not fruitful, make sure the plant is not cold or affected by strong winds.
  3. Pay attention to the location of the root collar. What to do when it's too drowned? Scatter the top layer of the earth, gradually freeing it from the required amount of soil. If it is too high above the ground, huddle it up.
  4. To avoid compaction of the branches of the crown, which will create unnecessary darkening, carry out pruning. Also use bending branches with weights or pegs. Be careful not to harm the plant.
  5. Take all pest control precautions.

Taking proper care of pear trees is sure to lead you to a rich harvest!


What to do if a pear blossoms but does not bear fruit

If the pear does not bloom, then the fruit does not form on it. But it happens that the tree blooms, but there is no harvest. The reasons for this may be all of the above: deficiency of trace elements, freezing and soaking of roots, lack of sufficient sunlight. In this case, the pear directs all its last forces to flowering, and they are no longer enough for the formation of fruits. But it is worth paying attention to the following factors.

Lack of pollinators. When planting one pear or several pears of the same variety, no pollination occurs. Pollination may not occur if you plant pears of summer and winter varieties that bloom and bear fruit at different times.

What to do? For pears to bear fruit, plant at least 2 pears of different varieties in your area. Plant trees at a distance of 3-5 meters from each other.

If you plant two pears of different varieties, but the same ripening time is not possible, then you can graft other varieties on the pear. One tree can be grafted with one or more varieties that ripen at the same time. If the wrong cultivar is planted, cross-pollination may not occur.

Spring frosts. Spring frosts harm buds and blossoming flowers, prevent the pear from forming fruits. Summer varieties of pears, which bloom earlier than others, especially suffer from frosts. Flowers damaged by frost do not give ovaries, or very few fruits are formed and they develop poorly.

What to do? Plant zoned varieties that suit your climate. In autumn and winter varieties, flowering is later, which means there is less threat of frost.

Subject to agricultural technology, the pear will delight with its flowering every spring and give bountiful harvests!


Why doesn't the pear bear fruit?

Question from our subscriber:
My pear is 7 years old and has never been fruitful. Blooms, but no fruit. What could be the reason?

Hello! We also waited a long time for the fruiting of the pear: almost 20 years. The pear was planted in the mid-90s and only one tree. It always bloomed profusely, but there were no fruits. Last year we planted two small pear seedlings of different varieties. And here's a miracle: this year the first fruit ovaries appeared and as a result, in early September 2014, the first pear harvest was harvested (see photo).

Now young pears have already given their first fruits in 2018-2019. And this is how a flowering pear tree planted on the site in 2013 looks like on May 17, 2020.
A blossoming pear tree in 2020, planted in 2013.

Chizhevskaya pear is a late summer variety.Widely known in our band.
Standard type tree, medium-sized... The crown is pyramidal, dense.
Fruits are medium-sized, weighing 120-140 g, pear-shaped ..
The main color of the fruit is yellow-green.
The pulp is light yellow or almost white, buttery, good taste.
The variety is self-fertile.
The best pollinating varieties: Lada, Severyanka, Rogneda.
The variety is fast-growing, begins to bear fruit 3-4 years after grafting... The tree bears fruit annually.
The advantages of these varieties are a high level of early maturity, productivity, good commercial and consumer qualities of the fruit.
Landing
This variety is planted in spring or autumn, preferably a month before frost.... The seedlings should be watered regularly. In the year of planting, fertilizers may not be used.
For this type of pear, loamy soils are considered the most acceptable. In such an area, the variety will give the best harvest, of course, if it is properly cared for, but more on that later. If you planted a seedling in clay soil, you should add peat, coarse river sand and compost, because the plant cannot develop if it has a huge need for air. If you have the opportunity to plant a seedling exclusively in sandy soils, you should finish off a huge amount of peat, humus and compost.
Planting pits should be up to 70 centimeters deep, with a diameter of 100-110 centimeters.
It is advisable to prepare a pit for planting a week before the start of the process itself.
It will not hurt to throw small cans and walnut shells to the bottom.
Often, young gardeners make mistakes, which leads to the death of the plant.This is usually due to the close occurrence of groundwater. If you plan to plant a pear in such an area, be sure to dig ditches nearby to drain water. In this case, it is advisable to plant seedlings on small hills (hills). This will not only keep your plant safe, but it will also improve its growth and fertility.
The row spacing for pears, like other young plantings, can be used to grow various vegetable crops. After all, crops such as beans, cabbage, peas, radishes and the like have a shallow root system, therefore, they require systematic care, which also does not interfere with the pear.
In no case should tall crops be sown near a pear. These primarily include corn and sunflower seeds. Such plants consume a lot of nutrients from the soil.
Pear care

1. Spring (March)
First of all, in the spring you should prune, remove some of the old branches, and also shorten the remaining... This is done to limit the growth of wood.
In addition, pruning can stimulate the formation of new buds.
Also, don't forget to prune branches with old flower buds.... It is quite easy to find them by long-term fruit growth. Be sure that the young branches remaining on the pear are able to form a full-fledged crop. As a matter of fact, it is thanks to this property that the pear of this variety has received such wide recognition. Even chasing the thin branches of this plant has a positive effect. It is only necessary to check that the trimming procedure does not lead to thickening. Of course, it is difficult for a young gardener to avoid mistakes during the first crops, so you should constantly monitor the development of your fetus.
2. Spring (April)
At the end of April, it is advisable to carry out two spraying of the pear:
The first spraying should be done during bud break.
This process is carried out in order to eliminate pests, as well as various diseases.
Inta-Vir, Strobi, Fury are considered good drugs. Remember that such preparations are mixed before spraying.
The second spraying is best done at the beginning of the appearance of the buds of this apple variety. It also aims to protect against pests and various plant diseases.
3. Spring (May)
At this time, you should start feeding. It is desirable to use urea to accomplish a given goal.
You can also feed this apple variety with saltpeter. Don't forget about trace elements. The plant is favorably influenced by a solution of boric acid and copper sulfate.
Already for an adult pear, tinning can be used... This process involves mowing the grass, after which it is fed with nitrogen. After all, the soil is very drained by the grass.
At this time of the year, you can sow green manure, which takes excess nitrogen from the soil.... Thus, you will be able to prepare the plant for the winter cold. During the fall, the siderates will have time to decompose and release a large amount of nutrients for the apple tree.
4. Summer
In the summer, especially during the dry season, the main task is to water the grooves well.
5. Autumn (September-October)
It is advisable to whitewash the trunks at this time of year. The substances contained in the whitewash are capable of protecting the most vulnerable part of the plant from diseases. In this case, the wounds, as well as the exposed wood of the tree, do not hurt to paint over with iron red lead.
6. Autumn (November)
In November, soil fertilization of the soil is perfect:
compost
superphosphate
potassium
ash
dolomite
lime for digging
salt
sodium chloride.
Place the fertilizer around the circumference of the pear. It is possible along the perimeter of the crown. While the tree is young, the soil should be well filled with various minerals and beneficial nutrients. Under adult pears, it is often necessary to tin the soil.
Thus, the variety is unique and requires responsible care.
If you plan to plant a seedling, you should familiarize yourself with all the nuances of this process.Do not forget to regularly replenish the soil stocks with useful nutrients, because the fertility of your pear depends on this. Also, regularly take care of the health of trees, because they, like people, tend to get sick. Do not forget to spray them with special mixtures. Naturally, it is difficult for young gardeners to avoid mistakes, but if you regularly monitor the growth and condition of your trees, they can be reduced to a minimum.


Why the pear does not bear fruit and what to do: the main reasons

It should be noted that this fruit is quite unpretentious and does not need any special care.

On average, the crop appears in 5–8 years, depending on varietal characteristics. But there are also trees that will start to delight with fruit only after 12-15 years. The earliest varieties are Annushka, Pamyati Yakovlev, Chizhovskaya, Medovaya. Average fruiting age in Duchesse, Williams, Talgar beauty. Later, Favorite, Bessemyanka, Limonka begin to bear fruit.

Experts point out that the average fertile age is 60–70 years. But in practice, there are examples when the crop could be harvested for 110-140 years in a row. Moreover, the amount of fruits harvested per hectare ranges from four to five tons. The maximum recorded figure is 1 ton of pears from one tree!

You will be able to harvest every year if the tree is properly cared for.

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It must be remembered that the peculiarity of pollination lies in the self-fertility of pears. When planting, you need to place different varieties on the site at a distance of 3-4 m. But the distance cannot exceed 30 m, otherwise the plants will simply not be able to pollinate.

This fruit tree is afraid of frost. Therefore, with a sharp cold snap, while there is still no snow, gardeners recommend covering the soil around the trunk with a layer of mulch according to the size of the crown. It is also advised to use covering materials: needles, branches, leaves.

If there is a problem and the bark has burst from frost, grease it with clay or garden pitch, then wrap it with a cloth.

Why the tree does not bear fruit

You will be surprised how many factors there are that prevent your tree from delighting you with a tasty and bountiful harvest.

As for the purchase of a seedling, gardeners are advised to carry it out in proven nurseries. If the pear did not bear fruit more than its varietal characteristics prescribe, you have acquired the so-called "wild". It can be recognized by its small leaves and the presence of thorns at the ends of the shoots. It grows beautifully, but is unable to bear fruit.

Pay special attention to the planting of this fruit tree: the root collar should be in its place, namely at the level of the top layer of the earth. If it is lowered deeper, there is a risk of underheating, which will lead to the weakening of the plant, as well as its death. In case of insufficient planting depth of the root collar, it runs the risk of freezing, and the roots will simply dry out.

The composition of the soil is of particular importance in the cultivation of almost all types of fruit crops. A high level of acidity negatively affects the fruiting of pears.

Too wet soil or close-lying groundwater will lead to waterlogging and high moisture content of the root system. As a result, the plant will not have the strength to form ovaries.

The same problem occurs if the soil is poor, and there is an insufficient amount of minerals and other nutrients.

Quite often, the reason that the plant does not want to bear fruit is the lack of light on the site. Possible neighborhood with a high fence, tall trees or buildings can prevent you from seeing the long-awaited flowering.

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If everything is in order with the location and soil, please note that self-fertility creates some difficulties with pollination of pears. Representatives of different varieties should be located in the neighborhood. If this is not possible, it is necessary to plant another variety on the tree, thereby causing cross-pollination.

Remember that we are dealing with a thermophilic plant. A pear does not bear fruit if it is prone to freezing. Low temperatures and winds are one of the main enemies of your crop.

An unfavorable factor is considered to be the growth of branches and densely growing parts of the crown. In case of improper pruning, lethargy will appear, and the fruits will be small. You should also not get carried away during thinning, as an aggressive procedure will lead to tremendous stress on the tree. The question may arise whether it will give a crop after such a procedure.

How to make a tree bear fruit

Based on the reasons for the lack of a crop, several methods can be distinguished on how to make a pear bear fruit:

  1. Check the conditions for tree pollination. It may be worth getting a series of vaccinations against other pear varieties. This will give them the opportunity to grow under suitable conditions for cross-pollination.
  2. If the pear is not fruitful, make sure the plant is not cold or affected by strong winds.
  3. Pay attention to the location of the root collar. What to do when it's too drowned? Scatter the top layer of the earth, gradually freeing it from the required amount of soil. If it is too high above the ground, huddle it up.
  4. To avoid compaction of the branches of the crown, which will create unnecessary darkening, carry out pruning. Also use bending branches with weights or pegs. Be careful not to harm the plant.
  5. Take all pest control precautions.

Taking proper care of pear trees is sure to lead you to a rich harvest!

Video "How to make a tree bear fruit"

In this video, you will learn what it does if the tree has stopped bearing fruit.


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