Vriesea - Family - Cultivation and care of the Vriesea plant

Vriesea - Family - Cultivation and care of the Vriesea plant

HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR OUR PLANTS

VRIESEA

also known as

VRIESIA

There Vriesea, splendid bromeliaceae, is a very common plant in our apartments both for the simplicity of cultivation and for the beautiful leaves and showy bracts.

BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom

:

Plantae

Clado

: Angiosperms

Clado

: Monocotyledins

Clado

: Commelinoids

Order

:

Poales

Family

:

Bromeliaceae

Kind

:

Vriesea

Species

: see the paragraph on "Main species"

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

The genre Vriesea (also known as vrisea or vriesia) belongs to thefamily of Bromeliaceae (the best known member of this family is thePineapple) and includes about 200 species of evergreen epiphytic or terrestrial plants, much appreciated for the beauty of their leaves but above all for their extraordinary, very colorful and showy bracts.

They are plants native to Central and South America.

The leaves they are characterized by a mostly shiny green or yellow lamina with darker horizontal streaks, with smooth edges.

The peculiarity of the leaves is their arrangement with rosette for enlargement of their bases forming a kind of cup in which rainwater is collected in nature. Often abundant flora and fauna accumulate in this water reserve: plant and animal residues that are partly digested with decomposition so that in a certain way we can speak of carnivorous plants (albeit in a very limited way).

From the central part of the rosette emerges the inflorescencecylindrical or ensiform in shape (sword-shaped) typical due to the colored bracts from which the flowers sessile (without petiole) tubular, mostly yellow in color and blooms from the third year of age of the plant.

Botanically the Vriesea is defined monocarpic that is to say that it blooms only once in its life in fact after flowering the plant dies (after a period of time that varies from species to species) but leaves some buds at its base which will give rise to new plants.

The fruit it is a capsule.

Vriesia are very slow growing plants.

MAIN SPECIES

The genre Vriesia includes about 200 species among which we remember:

VRIESEA CARINATA

There Vriesea carinata it is a plant that remains very small, not exceeding 40-45 cm in height with leaves of 20 cm in length and red bracts and yellow flowers.

VRIESEA FENESTRALIS

There Vriesea fenestralis compared to the others of the species it has very large leaves, even 45 cm long and 5 cm broad, of a yellowish-green color. The flower stem bears green bracts with red speckles with yellow flowers.

VRIESEA HIEROGLYPHICA

There Vriesea hieroglyphica it is a species that does not exceed 60 cm in height with large yellowish-green leaves spotted with red. The bracts are light green and the flowers are yellow.

VRIESEA IMPERIALIS

There Vriesea imperialis is another worthy specimen of this extraordinary kind. It has leathery leaves of an intense green color and produces very large spectacular inflorescences of red-brown color.

VRIESEA SPLENDENS

There Vriesea splendens is a plant native to Venezuela with typical leaves of the species. The flower stem does not exceed 60 cm in length with showy red-orange bracts and even 5 cm long yellow flowers.

It is not a plant that reaches great heights in fact it does not exceed 60 cm in height.

VRIESEA SAUNDERSII

There Vriesea saundersii it has large leaves of gray-green color with white little cubes on the upper page and linear and red colored ones on the lower one.

The flower bracts are yellowish-white and the flowers are yellow.

VRIESEA TESSELLATA

ThereVriesea tessellata it has leaves of a beautiful light green color with darker streaks and leathery consistency with showy tall flower stems also a meter with yellow bracts.

There are numerous cultivars with variously mottled leaves, in particular the Vrieseatessellata 'Roseo picta' e Vriesea tessellata 'Sanderae' with yellow and white leaves, Vriesea tessellata 'Salderiana' with very brightly colored sheets.

CULTURAL TECHNIQUE

The Vriesea it is a plant that should be placed indoors in a place where it can receive a few hours of sunshine every day, not in the hottest hours and for the rest of the day it must be protected from direct sunlight but always in a very bright place.

They are slow growing plants.

It is a plant that can bloom at any time of the year.

The rosettes of leaves in the process of withering must be cut at about 2.5 - 5cm in height from the base at any time of the year.

WATERING

The watering of the Vriesea it is particular: the well that is located in the center of the rosette must be filled and must always be full and every month it must be emptied to renew the water and eliminate any salts, plant or animal residues or other substances that could rot and damage the plant.

The soil must be kept constantly humid (not wet) taking care not to leave water in the saucer as it does not tolerate water stagnation.

A very important thing is that they do not tolerate limescale so either you use mineralized water or rain water or you can boil tap water after boiling it with a few drops of vinegar before using it.

TYPE OF SOIL - REPOT

For the Vriesea a good limestone-free soil is used. One type of mixture to use could be an equal parts mixture of fertile soil, pine bark, perlite and peat.

It is very important that the soil allows the rapid draining of excess irrigation water as they do not tolerate water stagnation.


Vriesea splendens

FERTILIZATION

The Vriesea being slow growing plants they do not need large quantities of fertilizer

Fertilizer (or any other substance) should never be placed in the well of the leaf rose as it could burn the leaves or cause the development of algae harmful to the plant.

You can use a liquid fertilizer to be diluted in irrigation water every 3 weeks or slow-release granular fertilizer.It is important that the fertilizer is well balanced, that is to say that it contains both macro elements such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) , potassium (K) but also microelements, that is to say those compounds that the plant needs in minimal quantities (but still needs them) such as magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), all important for a correct and balanced growth of the plant.

Whatever type of fertilizer you use, remember to halve the doses compared to what is indicated in the package.

FLOWERING

Starting from the third year of life, if the cultivation conditions are optimal, the plant blooms even if after this period, which varies from species to species and from plant to plant, the plant dies, unable to develop new leaves due to the presence of the inflorescence obstructing the rosette.

If the plant does not bloom and you believe that it has reached the age and are well conformed to produce the flowers and you are sure that you have ensured the conditions of light, humidity, temperature and above all optimal fertilization, you can proceed as follows: put the plant in a bag. of clear plastic with a ripe apple, and then close the bag. Keep the plant like this for a week. As the apple ripens, it will release ethylene which triggers a chemical reaction in the plant that tells it "it's time to bloom".

Be careful not to do the treatment on plants that have not reached at least the third year of age and are not small in size because this could damage them and in any case they would not be affected by the treatment.

PRUNING

Usually the Vriesea it cannot be pruned. The leaves that gradually dry up or become damaged must simply be eliminated to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for parasitic diseases.

Make sure that the tool you use for cutting is clean and disinfected (preferably over a flame) to avoid infecting the tissues.

MULTIPLICATION

The vriesia propagates from the basal shoots.

MULTIPLICATION BY SPROUTS

After flowering, the old rosette of leaves dies but before this happens at the base of the plant, shoots usually form inside the base of the leaves to protect them or in any case in the immediate vicinity. These sprouts once they have reached a height of at least 15 cm can be taken from the mother plant with some roots and planted in individual pots using a compost as indicated for plants of Vriesea adults.

Since during this period the earth must remain around 24-27 ° C and be constantly humid, cover the pot with a plastic sheet (use sticks that you will place in the soil to keep the plastic high) and place it in a semi-shaded place. the casing and check the degree of humidity of the soil and make a way that it is always moist and eliminate any condensation that has thickened in the plastic.

After about 4-6 weeks the roots should have taken root at which point the plastic is removed and the plant is treated as if it were an adult. After about a year they can be transferred into larger pots.

PARASITES AND DISEASES

With this type of plants it must be remembered that the pesticide administration is done with great caution and must possibly be administered so that they do not stagnate in the well full of water as it could damage the leaves.

Leaves that are beginning to lose their vibrant color and have a stunted appearance

This symptom indicates either little watering or drafts.
Remedies: act accordingly.

Leaves that lose their brilliance and tend to stretch and become greener with loss of mottling

This symptom indicates low light.
Remedies: move the plant of Vriesea in a brighter place.

Leaves that tend to fade, with "burnt" parts

This symptom indicates too much light.
Remedies: move the plant to a less bright place.

Leaves with a whitish substance on the outer edge of the leaves

This symptom is caused by the administration of too hard water that is to say with too many minerals and in particular with too much calcareous and the white matter is nothing but the crystals of minerals that are exuded by the plant. This symptom can also be caused by an excess of fertilizers.
Remedies: if you use hard water, immediately change the type of irrigation water as indicated in the paragraph Watering if you have exceeded with fertilizers, suspend their administration for at least two months.

Leaves with brown tips

This is the classic symptom of low water and an environment that is too dry and probably with the well of the rosette of leaves without water.
Remedies: fill the well with water and better regulate irrigations.

Spots on the underside of the leaves

Spots on the underside of the leaves could mean the presence of cochineal and in particular of mealy cochineal. To be sure, use a magnifying glass and observe them. Compare them with the photo on the side, they are characteristic, you can't be wrong. Also if you try to remove them with a fingernail, they come off easily.

Remedies: use a cotton swab soaked in alcohol to eliminate them or if the plant is large and potted, you can wash it with water and neutral soap, rubbing gently with a sponge to eliminate the scale insects, after which the plant should be rinsed to remove all the soap. If the plants are large and planted outdoors, specific pesticides can be used.

CURIOSITY'

These plants over the years have had an incredible development with the birth of many hybrids thanks to their extraordinary beauty and simplicity of cultivation.

The name Vriesea it is in honor of W. H. de Vries (1807-1862), Dutch botanist.


Species and varieties

Vriesea carinata: this species has sword-shaped, light green leaves, even 20 cm long. In November it produces a short spike of scarlet bracts from which yellow flowers bloom. It grows up to 25 cm in height.

Vriesea fenestralis: native to Brazil, this species has large leaves, even 45 cm long and 5 cm broad, arched, of a shiny yellow-green color with dark green veins, with the underside that sometimes has red or purple shades, arranged to form a rosette from which emerges a stem, even 45 cm high, which bears the inflorescence formed by about twenty shiny green bracts, with dark purple spots, from which tubular flowers, 6 cm long, bloom (in spring, summer or autumn) sulfur yellow in color.

Vriesea hieroglyphica: this species has large green-yellow leaves with dark purple irregular spots, arranged to form a rosette from which emerges a stem bearing a branched inflorescence formed by light green bracts, from which, in spring, yellow flowers bloom. It grows up to 60 cm. in height.

Vriesea morrenii: species with straight leaves, 30-40 cm long, light green in color, with darker spots. It produces yellow flowers gathered in branched clusters. It grows up to 60 cm in height.

Vriesea regina: this species, which reaches a height of one meter, has leaves sheathed at the base and very fragrant flowers, first white and then yellow, which bloom in spikes.

Vriesea saundersii: this species has large leaves, gray-green in color, with white spots on the upper page and red on the lower one and linear in shape. It produces yellowish-white flower stems, bearing yellow flowers.

Vriesea splendens: native to Venezuela, this species has leaves with a 5-6 cm wide lamina, green in color with darker transverse streaks and with a greyish underside, with variegations of the same color or purple. These are arranged to form a rosette from which a stem emerges, even 60 cm high, which bears an ensiform inflorescence, 30 cm long, formed by superimposed bracts of bright red color, from which they bloom (in late summer, but also in spring and in autumn) in succession yellow flowers, 5 cm long. The bracts persist on the plant for up to two months, while the flowers wither earlier. It can grow up to 45-60cm in height.

Vriesea tessellata: this species has leathery leaves, light green in color, with darker transverse streaks. It produces curved flower stems, about 1m high, bearing yellow flowers. Among the different varieties we remember: "Roseo Picta", which has leaves stained with pink "Sanderae", with leaves stained with yellow and white "Sanderiana", with leaves characterized by more contrasting colors than the typical species.

Vriesea carinata (photo www.agraria.org)


It includes epiphytic plant species similar to the genus Tillandsia the leaves form a central cup, in which rainwater, dust, soil, organic fragments and the remains of small dead animals are collected, all these materials decomposing form a nutritional liquid that is absorbed by special hairs present on the internal surface of the cup , allowing the plant to regularly absorb water and nutrients. In the central cup they find the optimal habitat, specialized and particular associations of plants and animals. [3]

From the center of the cup originate the inflorescences formed by a flat, compact and regular spike, brightly colored from yellow to bright red.

The genus includes over 360 species. [2]

Among the species cultivated as ornamental plants there are: [3]

  • Vriesea splendens(Brongn.) Lem., native to Venezuela and the Caribbean Islands, with the typical bright green leaves, zebra-striped with purple streaks, about 50 cm high from the central cup after a few years, an ear of more than 60 cm high emerges, with bright-red colored bracts, from which small yellow flowers sprout.
  • Vriesea fenestralisLinden & André, larger in size than V. splendens, with pale green leaves covered with dark spots.
  • Vriesea saundersii(Carrière) E.Morren, with gray-green leaves with a light pink underside, which form a flattened rosette, from which a yellow floral spike emerges.
  • Vriesea imperialisCarrière, with deep green leaves and spectacular inflorescences.

They are grown on woody substrates, covered with moss, require filtered sunlight, warm-humid environments, monthly fertilizations, with liquid fertilizer of medium concentration, wetting the leaves, the central cup and the aerial roots, regular watering, keeping the central cup always full of fresh water which must be emptied and refilled with clean water at least once a month. [without source]

In spring, repot or bury the plants grown in pots, using specific soil for bromeliads.


Bromeliads are often affected by spider mites and mealybugs. To eliminate the cochineal you can intervene using a cloth with alcohol to be passed manually on the leaves.

To avoid the attacks of the red spider, the ambient humidity can be increased.

It is also good to make sure that the soil is draining because the plant can be affected by root rot.

An excellent indicator of the health of the plant are the leaves of the plant: if they lose their mottling, the plant is probably placed in a too shady area, if they fade, on the contrary, the plant has been placed in an area where there is too much light.


Taking Care of the Plant n

There Vrisea plant prefers very bright places but easily adapts to various conditions as long as it is not placed in areas subject to drafts, it requires smooth irrigation in winter and moist soil in summer. In spring, if necessary, it is possible to pot the plant by replacing, in addition to the pot, also the soil using one rich in peat or sand to avoid stagnation of water harmful to the roots. n

Plant Vrisea one of the most common indoor plants due to its easy cultivation and the showy and very beautiful leaves and bracts that give the house a characteristic exotic appearance. Native to Central and South America, it is characterized by wide and glossy leaves arranged in a "rosette " shape from the central part of which emerges a cylindrical inflorescence. n


To encourage flowering, place a quarter of an apple at the base of your bromeliad.

About 280 species of this genus and more than a century of hybridization.
Vriesea splendens, the vriesea remarquable

Vriesea forsteriana, dark foliage

Vriesea carianta , vriesea lobster claws

Vriesea poelmanii , extended horticulture line

Maps of plants of the same genus

  • Vriesea x Poelmanii , Vriesea Poelmanii


Vriesea carinata

This plant was given to me by my dear friend about two years ago but despite the treatments it only lived for a year, I discovered that I have beaten the record because after flowering it is unfortunately destined to die, unless it is possible to multiply it.

Here are some tips. Francesco Diliddo

Plant native to Central and South America, it belongs to the Bromeliaceae family and includes about 200 species of epiphytic or terrestrial evergreen plants, highly appreciated for the beauty of their leaves but above all for their extraordinary, very colorful and showy bracts.

From the central part of the rosette emerges the cylindrical or ensiform (sword-shaped) inflorescence typical due to the colored bracts from which the tubular flowers bloom. Generally after flowering the plant dies and it is necessary to reproduce it from the basal shoots.

Vriesea carinata is a plant that should be placed indoors in a place where it can receive a few hours of sunshine every day, not during the hottest hours and for the rest of the day it must be protected from direct sunlight but always in a very bright place.

The watering of the Vriesea is particular: the well located in the center of the rosette must be filled and must always be full and every month it must be emptied to renew the water and eliminate any salts, plant or animal residues or other substances that could rot and damage the plant.

The soil must be kept constantly humid (not wet) taking care not to leave water in the saucer as it does not tolerate water stagnation.

A very important thing is that they do not tolerate limescale so either demineralized water or rain water is used or tap water can be boiled after boiling it.

From the third year of life, if the cultivation conditions are optimal, the plant blooms even if after this period, which varies from species to species and from plant to plant, the plant dies, unable to develop new leaves due to the presence of inflorescence obstructing the rosette.


Video: Vriesea - grow u0026 care, great houseplant