How to choose a watermelon to be delicious and ripe for sure?

 How to choose a watermelon to be delicious and ripe for sure?

How to find the most delicious and most importantly useful watermelon among the dozens on the counter? Finding ourselves in front of a mountain of delicious pumpkins, we begin to recall common advice, something from personal experience, but how many inaccuracies and contradictions there are in this random information! Let's take it seriously.

How to choose a delicious and ripe watermelon without nitrates

Photo of a watermelon

First of all - sanitary standards. You are still choosing from a heap dumped along a dusty, gas-polluted road. The copies for sale must be neatly stacked on the deck under the canopy. Cutting out a slice in order to make sure it is ripe is not worth it, it is better to risk buying an unripe watermelon than to surely bring home harmful microorganisms that came from a knife or from the street air. For the same reasons, you cannot buy a fruit with a crack, even a small one, or with a trace of a bruise - bacteria quickly multiply in the open or damaged pulp.

Unscrupulous melon growers abuse the responsiveness of watermelon plants to fertilizing with fertilizers and overfeed them with nitrogen. The fruits quickly reach apparent ripeness, large, but immature and hazardous to health are obtained. The seller must have a certificate confirming the absence of harmful substances in doses hazardous to health. If it is absent or there is no confidence in its authenticity, you have to rely on your own knowledge.

Video on how to choose a ripe and tasty watermelon

Sometimes saltpeter is injected into an immature fetus with a syringe, a speck remains on the crust with a puncture in the middle. But if an excess of nitrates is introduced from the soil, such an uncut specimen cannot be recognized, it gives out the pulp. A confident seller exposes an opened sample for control that is not intended for food.

The taste of an excess of saltpeter cannot be directly distinguished, but it can be assumed by the discrepancy between the bright, ripe-looking, but not very sweet pulp and unripe seeds, which are too light and soft. This is the case if maturity is imitated using chemistry.

In an environmentally friendly fruit, the structure on the fault is granular, with distinguishable cells, in overfed with fertilizers, it is fibrous. White streaks appear under difficult ripening conditions, for example, when there is a lack of heat, yellow formations are a sign of overfeeding with fertilizers. If the pulp is very bright, stir it in a glass of water. If the water turns red, the berry is artificially "tinted", if it only becomes cloudy, then the product is clean.

In the photo watermelon

Secrets of a ripe watermelon

If we exclude pumping with nitrates, then the size depends on ripeness, ripening conditions and variety. Most likely, it will turn out to be of high quality average fruit, weighing about 6 kg. Too small can be suspected of immaturity, but first it must be assessed on other grounds. You should not choose too large if you have to store the cut residue, even in the refrigerator it can deteriorate within a day. It has been noticed that a slightly unsightly, slightly lopsided fruit is usually sweeter than a perfectly shaped watermelon.

As it ripens, the color of the peel of the striped kavun becomes more and more contrasting. Be sure to pay attention to the stain formed in the place of contact of the fruit with the ground. In ripe watermelons, it is yellow, about 10 cm in diameter, in unripe watermelons, it is white, and if the spot is too large, the fruits ripened for a long time due to poor conditions.

The skin of a ripe watermelon is easily scraped off with a fingernail, underneath is a dense, white layer.

The stalk should be dry, yellowish. Until the fruit is ripe, it is green. A trained eye will determine whether the “tail” is easily separated from the stem, because when taking the fruit it was already dried up or it was pulled for a long time, tearing it off green, and it dried up already during storage. The knife mark on the cut is harder to see, but possible. By itself, this part does not disappear from the fetus, which means that if it is not there, then it was removed intentionally - it is better not to choose this.

In the photo watermelons

Another well-known sign of a well-ripened fruit is the characteristic crackle when squeezed. The sound that a ripe watermelon makes when clicking or tapping is described in words in completely different ways. To some, it seems resonant, as if from an empty vessel, others call it "voluminous", it is best to experiment by drumming on a deliberately ripe fruit and remember the resulting sound.

The density of the pulp decreases as it ripens, the ripe kavun does not sink in water. Taking it in hand, you can feel that it seems too light in relation to its size. For those who like to trust the exact sciences in the question of how to determine the ripeness of a watermelon, there is a simple calculation. If it does not sink in water, then its weight, according to Archimedes' law, should be less than the weight of water in the same volume. And this is achieved with the following ratios: if the circumference of the watermelon is 80, 70, 60 cm, then its weight should be less than 8.6, respectively; 5.8; 3.6 kg. The calculation is made for a ball, therefore, it is applicable only for round watermelons.

About watermelon girls and some prejudices

The division of fruits by sex, into "boys" and "girls" is too common to be neglected. Vegetable growers, sellers, buyers from different countries have long been convinced that there are female watermelons - with a large flat trail from a separated flower and male ones, in which it is smaller and convex. Practice shows that, indeed, watermelons with a large speck opposite the stalk are tastier, and you can use this feature when buying. Perhaps this is somehow related to the peculiarities of pollination.

Video about tips for choosing a delicious watermelon

But calling watermelons "boys" and "girls" can only be a joke. All plant fruits are formed from the organs of a female flower, which has a pistil and an ovary, in our case - from the pericarp, they cannot have sex! What would we think of a person who would think of dividing into "men" and "women", for example, apples or sunflower seeds?

The bad reputation of early, too large or small berries, unfortunately, is not without reason. But we must not forget that breeders are constantly working to create more and more perfect varieties and hybrids. For the Russian climate, varieties are bred, called ultra-early, as well as large-fruited and with pulp of various colors. Tasty and low-seeded watermelons weighing 2 - 3 kg are popular in Europe. It is necessary to pay attention to all the signs of maturity and naturalness, of which there are many, and not to discard in advance specimens that matured in July or fall out of the recommended standard in size. Otherwise, you can pass by an excellent watermelon, and the achievements of scientists will remain unclaimed.


Beijing Dessert - Fried Watermelon: Grill and Frying Pan Recipes

Ingredients

  • Watermelon pulp, seedless - 600 g
  • Proteins - 2 pcs.
  • Flour - 4 tablespoons
  • Corn starch - 4 tablespoons
  • Powdered sugar - 3-4 tablespoons

Choosing a watermelon for storage

Whichever method you choose, the first thing to do is to choose the right fruit, since it will depend on its quality how long it can be stored. So, for long-term storage, you need to choose:

  • watermelons weighing about 4-5 kg
  • high-quality fruits, on the surface of which there should be no damage: dents, scratches, sunburn, cracks, and so on


High-quality fruits should not have any damage: dents, scratches, sunburn, cracks, and so on.

  • watermelons of late varieties with a thick skin, since they are able to be stored for a long period of time.

You can choose varieties of watermelons suitable for long-term storage in our catalog, which combines the offers of large garden online stores. Select watermelon seeds.


Pruning

The amount of harvest and normal growth of trees is ensured by timely pruning, which is carried out so that new shoots do not have a lack of sunlight.

So, in the middle of spring, a crown formation procedure is carried out, but in the summer they remove all excess shoots that can interfere with the main "productive" branches from receiving a sufficient amount of light. In the autumn season, this procedure is carried out in order to rid the plant of dry branches and remove non-fruiting branches.

Crown formation

There are several ways to form a crown. The most popular forms for small plants are tier-sparse (the plant retains its natural appearance) and spindle-shaped (one large shoot, from which the central shoots extend). They are the easiest to do. Such forms help to get the maximum amount of harvest from one tree.

To increase the immunity of the plant and accelerate its growth, choose a bowl-shaped shape, but for those apple trees that are planted on the border of the garden, a vertical palmette is suitable, with the help of which the trees turn into a natural fence.

Rejuvenation

This procedure aims to open the center of the tree as much as possible. It is necessary to shorten the central trunk (by a third), and then thin out the thickened areas.


Ripe watermelon - signs and rules for selection

August is the time for watermelons. Here they are lying on the ruins or in the crates of supermarkets. All are alike, only one is larger and the other is smaller. Which one is the sweetest, how not to be mistaken in your choice? Here are some useful tips. So, ripe watermelon - signs and selection rules.

Some watermelon lovers believe that a large-sized watermelon should be ripe. It's a delusion. Even the largest watermelons may not ripen. Therefore, the advice here is simple. Choose the fruit according to the rule of the golden mean, that is, medium in size.

Our classic watermelon varieties are always spherical. Elongated, melon-like "torpedoes" and even square ones appeared on sale. There is not much difference in this. The signs and rules for choosing a ripe watermelon remain the same for a round watermelon, for an elongated one.

SKIN COLOR AND SIDE SPOT

In any case, the peel of the watermelon should be glossy and shiny. There should be no dents or cracks on it. Sometimes, especially in early watermelons, dots from a syringe can be seen on the peel. So unscrupulous traders of this sweet fruit inject growth stimulants or dyes into it. The skin color of a ripe watermelon can be any shade of green. If it is striped, then choose the one with the most contrasting pattern.

The spot on the side is where the fruit lay on the melon. In a ripe watermelon, it should not be too large. The color of the spot is better than bright yellow.


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How to determine if a watermelon contains nitrates

It is visually difficult to understand whether the berry contains chemicals or not. In addition to evaluating watermelons cut for demonstration, several experiments should be carried out. After making sure of the naturalness of the product, you can enjoy its taste. The fruit must be whole and well washed, because no one wants to get poisoned.

Not everyone can use a nitrate meter due to its high cost. Fortunately, there are other methods.

  1. The watermelon is dipped into a bathtub filled with water. If outwardly it has all the signs of a quality product, but went to the bottom, the reason lies in the increased content of chemicals.
  2. Cut off a piece of pulp and grind it with a fork or hands, then fill it with warm water. The glass with the liquid is left for 15 minutes. A berry with a useful composition will practically not color the water, it will only become unclear and slightly pink. The chemical-laden product turns water into a bright pink or red liquid, possibly even purple.
  3. When on the counter there is a fruit cut to demonstrate the pulp, before making a purchase, you should pay attention to the color of the berry and the veins. If the inside of the watermelon looks unnatural or its veins are colored yellow, such food will not bring any benefit to the body, but it can do harm.
  4. The veins should be light, but not whitish. Usually the flesh is pink, bright red it can only be in small specimens. If the fruit is large and its flesh is too bright, it is worth considering.

Ideally, you should buy watermelons near the field where they are grown. If this is not possible, you can choose a healthy berry on the market.

It is not recommended to buy a watermelon near the roadbecause it is able to absorb harmful gases. And when going to the supermarket for watermelon, you should be even more careful, because unripe fruits are often brought there.

Like any plant food, before use, melons should be well rinsed under running water... You can use watermelons both separately and as part of various desserts and drinks. The main thing is to learn how to choose them correctly and not eat away to the very cover, then the body will only benefit and will not be exposed to dangerous effects.

Sweet desserts are made from watermelon peels, and jam with lemon and ginger is made from pumpkin - you will lick your fingers!


Watch the video: How to Know if Watermelon is Ripe - Proven Methods TURN ON SUBTITLES