Decorative garden as an element of the landscape design of the site
Decorative beds are one of the elements of landscape design, which both decorates the local area and makes it possible to benefit from it. Such a garden can also be called a flower garden of vegetables, medicinal and spicy herbs.
In history, ancient Roman symmetrical beds of a strict form around the houses of wealthy citizens and ancient Greek gardens with beautiful vegetable beds and vineyards are known. In Russia, decorative gardens, simple in form and design, were established on the territories of monasteries. Modern options are distinguished by a variety of forms, techniques, location options. And you can make such an unusual decoration in front of the house on your own.
- The principles of creating an ornamental garden
- Garden landscape styles
- Options for the location and shape of the beds
- Vertical gardening
- Arch and pergola in the design of the garden
- How to make a decorative garden with your own hands
- Materials for work
- Soil selection
- Phased construction using the example of brick beds
- What to plant in the garden
- Plant compatibility
A place under the sun
Not every piece of land is suitable for an ornamental garden. You need to find a well-lit place that is convenient for watering and maintenance. Since such a site plays a "dual" role of functionality and aesthetics, it should look impressive without compromising the yield.
If you are the happy owner of a large plot of land, then you can select a suitable corner for fruit plants, fencing it off from the recreation area. But even on a standard six hundred square meters, it is quite possible to arrange a full-fledged decorative garden.
The shape and size of the beds for the ornamental garden
Often, decorative gardens are given an intricate shape, building patterns from the beds in the form of triangles, circles, trapezoids. But carried away by the aesthetic side of the matter, do not forget about the needs of plants. Where raised ridges have sharp corners, the soil dries out more quickly and plantings will develop unevenly. Such a garden can be broken up for purely decorative purposes, but if practical points are also important to you, give preference to rounded and rectangular shapes.
The "classic" garden bed is 100–120 cm wide; vegetable growing on narrow ridges is becoming more widespread abroad - 70 cm wide. This is, without a doubt, more convenient, and the proponents of this method believe that it will help to grow an even larger crop: you will be less tired when caring for the plantings. You can leave about 40 cm for the aisles between the beds. When using high ridges, add another 20–35 cm to this so as not to squeeze between the walls.
If you nevertheless decide to set aside a sufficiently large area for the garden, make another walking path (70-75 cm wide) or a small area for rest and storage of gardening tools. It is enough, for example, to allocate for walks the "central street" dividing the garden into 2 equal parts.
Plant compatibility in the garden
When planting different plants, their compatibility must be considered. Cucumbers tolerate well the neighborhood with beans, garlic, cabbage and onions. Garlic with cucumbers, carrots and tomatoes.
Ornamental vegetables are best suited for such a garden. Such as tomatoes - cherry, pepper - light and so on, that is, undersized crops with miniature fruits.
Start planting with ornamental pumpkin and cabbage. Their seeds are sold at any specialty store. The pumpkin can be planted in an open place at any support (net or trellis) so that the lashes are woven up. Cabbage is usually planted along the edge of the flower bed at a distance of 50-70 cm from each other.
Cherry tomatoes go well with basil, cilantro , curly parsley. Nearby, you can plant calendula flowers (they disinfect the soil), nasturtium, marigolds, alissum (a very fragrant plant with a honey smell), will attract insects to pollinate plants.
Ornamental cabbage can please most of all. During the summer season, it grows well in breadth, it is green and inconspicuous. And closer to autumn, when many flowers have already gone away and with the first cold snaps the cabbage will grow prettier.
Layout of a decorative garden: how to do it right
You need to start planning your garden by choosing the right place. In order for cultivated plants to give an excellent harvest and not get sick, they need good living conditions.
- It is better to choose a sunny place with a little partial shade, possibly on a hill, protected from drafts. If the planning of a decorative garden is carried out on an empty area where there is not a single building, then think about the fact that overgrown trees or a house built in the future do not cast a shadow on the area with a garden.
- If the land on the site is not very good, then it's time to think about adding fertile soil.
- You should also think about watering - if this is not ordinary watering from a hose, then you will have to think over a system of automatic or drip irrigation, which will untie the hands of a person and shift these responsibilities onto the shoulders of automation.
As for the size of the ornamental garden, here you need to build on the needs of your family - if it is large, then you need a lot of fruit and berry crops, if the family is small, then there is no need to plant a hundred tomato seedlings or dozens of currant bushes.
If you are not sure that you want to garden at your summer cottage and are just looking at the idea of a beautiful vegetable garden, then start small - arrange a place of about 2 sq. M for planting herbs (dill, parsley, cilantro, lettuce, green onions, basil are always needed on the farm). They will take up little space and care for these cultivated plants is minimal. So this can be a successful start on the path of your becoming as an experienced summer resident gardener.