Agrovermiculite Vermisil - for growing and preserving crops

Agrovermiculite Vermisil - for growing and preserving crops

Telephone: (812) 244-40-05
Website: www.spbsluda / vermisil

Agrovermiculite VERMISIL - These are grains of expanded vermiculite 2–4 mm to improve the quality of the soil.

St. Petersburg Mica Factory has been producing expanded vermiculite for over 50 years.
Especially for gardeners and gardeners, the Mica Factory produces expanded vermiculite under the VERMISIL trademark.


How does agrovermiculitis work?

VERMISIL is a fine-grained lightweight material. It loosens the soil, makes it light, fluffy, does not allow caking and crumbling, is a good drainage material.

When watering or raining, expanded vermiculite absorbs water like a sponge, moisture and nutrients dissolved in the soil accumulate in its pores. Each particle of vermiculite is a reservoir of water and trace elements that feed the plants when the soil dries. Through the root system, the plant itself takes as much moisture as it needs for normal development.

When fertilizing the soil, vermiculite prevents the rapid leaching of nutrients and increases the duration of the fertilizer action.

Vermiculite is a hydrated mica containing ions of magnesium, calcium, silicon and iron; therefore, this natural mineral itself is a source of these microelements and, accordingly, a biostimulator of the growth of the root system.

Ionic exchange between vermiculite, water accumulated in the pores, and the soil prevents soil salinization, which is especially important when growing indoor plants, seedlings, plants in flowerpots and containers.
Vermiculite, providing normal soil moisture, prevents the development of putrefactive bacteria and fungi and creates a healthy microclimate for plants.

How to use agrovermiculite?

Agrovermiculite VERMISIL is added to the soil in various proportions. For seedlings of vegetables and flowers, vermiculite is mixed with soil 1: 1, for indoor plants 1: 2, for flower beds and gardens 1: 5. It is good to introduce vermiculite into the soil in greenhouses and greenhouses, where vermiculite will serve as a reliable regulator of moisture. What's more, the plant can only be grown on vermiculite alone without adding soil, which is the best material for hydroponics!

Now the cultivation of plants in tubs, flowerpots, containers, hanging baskets is in vogue. It can be ornamental shrubs, flowers, vegetables, and table greens. Even in a large garden, a plant in a tub focuses attention, and in a small courtyard, on a balcony or loggia, container plantings become the main decorative elements to create a cozy resting place. Since the main difficulty in caring for containers is associated with timely watering, vermiculite is simply necessary to prevent plants from drying out. We recommend to put a layer of 2–5 cm of VERMISIL agrovermiculite on top of the drainage, and also to mix vermiculite with soil in a ratio of 1: 3.

Application of agrovermiculite in the fall

Autumn is the time to prepare household plots for winter, carry out work on the redevelopment of the site, set up a vegetable garden, organize new flower beds, plant trees and shrubs. We recommend using VERMISIL agrovermiculite at all stages of work.

When planting plants, be sure to throw a few handfuls of agrovermiculite into the hole, this will prevent the roots from drying out, improve the supply of moisture and nutrients to the root system, delay fertilizers in the root zone, and prevent water stagnation and decay.

When preparing the soil for winter, VERMISIL is scattered on flower beds and beds with a layer of 3–10 cm and dug up. In the spring, the earth will remain loose and light, it may not even need to be dug up again. This is especially true for areas with heavy soil, vermiculite will significantly improve its quality.
For flower growers, we recommend storing the roots of dahlias, gladioli, lilies and other plants in vermiculite. This will keep them from drying out and rotting. You may have noticed that Dutch planting stock is often sold in granular bags. This is agrovermiculitis. Let's take advantage of the experience of the best flower growers in the world and save our favorite flowers until spring.

Vermiculite is also useful for storing crops. If you want to store roots and apples for a long time, put them in a container with agrovermiculite and put in a cool place! Planting potatoes and planting onions also winter better in agrovermiculite.

Many gardeners who have already applied agrovermiculite on their plots have become convinced how effectively this wonderful material works in the garden and vegetable garden: the yield increases, the fruiting is prolonged, the quality of flowering improves, and the soil is prevented from drying out during the dry period. Experience shows that agrovermiculite is loved by all plants: apple, rose, and carrot!

After all, our motto is: VERMISIL - raised and preserved!

Ask for Vermisil in hypermarkets, flower shops and specialized exhibitions!


The use of vermiculite in horticulture

The scope of application of vermiculite in the country is quite wide.

1. Improving the quality of the soil. Vermiculite is added to the soil in the garden or in the flower garden to make the substrate looser and more moisture-consuming. The substance can be applied in combination with organic fertilizers (compost, manure, chicken droppings) at the rate of 1 bucket of vermiculite per 25 kg of organic matter.

It is good to sow seeds in the soil with vermiculite. It is introduced into the garden bed along its entire length, spending 10 spoons of the substance for each square meter of soil. Also, the mineral will help the seedlings in the garden to take root faster. To do this, 3-4 tablespoons should be added to each hole before planting young plants. vermiculite.

2. Germination of seeds and rooting of cuttings. In vermiculite, cuttings root very well. They have a more developed root system, and the risk of disease or pests is significantly reduced.

Also, in expanded vermiculite, you can germinate seeds (it easily absorbs moisture, and then gives it to the seed for a long time) or grow seedlings.

The best substrate for rooting cuttings and growing seedlings can be made from neutral peat and vermiculite, taken in equal proportions.

Seedlings and cuttings grown in vermiculite or a substrate with vermiculite receive the nutrients they need at this stage of development: potassium, magnesium, calcium.

3. Application in home floriculture. Vermiculite has worked well as a drain that is poured into the bottom of flower pots. They can also mulch potted soil.

4. Using vermiculite as mulch. Expanded vermiculite is suitable for mulching the trunks of garden trees. For this, it is recommended to use fractions of 4-8 mm in size, mixed with smaller ones - 2-4 cm (in equal shares). At the same time, 6-8 liters of vermiculite should be consumed per 1 square meter of soil.

If you want to mulch berry bushes, consume 3-5 liters of the mixture per 1 sq. M. Expanded vermiculite looks good in flower beds. For flower and ornamental bushes, it is enough to add 2-3 liters of substance per 1 sq.m.

Before mulching the soil with vermiculite, it must be dug up. Then the ground should be sprinkled with vermiculite and embedded in the ground.

5. Storage of vegetables, fruits and flower bulbs. Expanded vermiculite has adsorbing properties, so the planting material stored in it is protected from waterlogging. Also, with such storage, the risk of rot is significantly reduced, and vegetables and fruits retain their taste.

Flower planting material can be stored in plastic bags filled with vermiculite. The harvest of fruits should be laid in the boxes in layers, sprinkled with vermiculite. The thickness of the layer depends on the size of the fruit (on average, 2 to 5 cm).


How to store at home?

The best conditions for the preservation of dahlia planting material are as follows:

  • room temperature from +3 ° C to +6 ° C
  • air humidity about 60%
  • good ventilation
  • darkness or low light.

It is difficult to achieve optimal parameters at home, but with the right preparation, the right choice of the method and place of storage, even novice florists will get almost one hundred percent result.


STORING POTATO

This popular vegetable is almost always present in the daily diet of a person. It is the potato tubers that occupy most of any cellar, basement or other storage. But in order to preserve the harvest throughout the winter with minimal losses, we advise you to arm yourself with the knowledge of this culture.

Since potatoes grow in the ground, they prefers to be stored in the dark. The best option is dark, cool rooms. If these conditions are not met, potatoes begin to sprout quickly and lose moisture. And when sunlight hits the surface of the tuber, it begins to turn green, because poisonous solanine is formed in it. Never eat such potatoes.

Best of all, this culture is stored at a temperature of 2-3 ° C and an air humidity of 85-90%. To create such conditions, choose a dry, cool, dark room, for example, a cellar or basement that does not freeze in winter. Until the onset of frost, potatoes can be stored on a balcony or loggia, however, provided that they are not heated.

There is an opinion among gardeners that if you leave potatoes in the ground until late autumn, they will not only gain weight, but will also be better stored. Experts assure that such an opinion is erroneous. Firstly, ripe potatoes stop growing, so there is no need to wait for an increase in the yield, and secondly, potatoes left for a long time in the garden will be susceptible to various putrefactive diseases, as a result, its keeping quality, on the contrary, will decrease.

Successful storage of potatoes begins with plant protection against late fluorosis. Before harvesting, it is recommended to mow the tops (due to which infection mainly occurs), and this must be done in a timely manner. As soon as the potato bushes begin to turn yellow, you can dig in the tubers to check the condition of the skin on them. If the peel on the potato has already become coarse and cannot be peeled off with a fingernail, then it is time to mow the tops.

The cut potato tops must be removed from the area immediately. Some summer residents believe that you can then cover potato piles with the same tops, but by listening to such advice, you risk infecting the crop grown with such difficulty with various diseases.

Natalia Pavlovna VOLOSHINA, Gomel district, Novaya Guta

Many villagers store potatoes in the cellar by spilling them on the floor. However, experts advise placing the tubers in mesh boxes or containers with perforations in the walls so that the tubers have access to air. The height of such containers should be no more than 1 m.It is recommended to install them not on the earthen floor, but on supports about 15 cm high, and the distance from the box to the nearest wall or to another box should be at least 20 cm. go to the tubers in sufficient volume - and the potatoes will not rot.

After a while after mowing the tops, you can start mass harvesting of potatoes. The tubers are dried for several days under a canopy with good ventilation. Then the potatoes are sorted, discarding rotten, spoiled and damaged tubers, and only after that they are transferred to the barn. Potatoes are lowered into the cellar or basement when the outside air temperature drops to 3-5 ° C. If you do this earlier, the potatoes will sprout prematurely.

The potatoes that will be used for seeds are dried in the sun for some time, and those that will be eaten in the shade.

Try sprinkling tubers in boxes with dry sawdust or chopped rowan leaves: sawdust will absorb unnecessary moisture, and phytoncides secreted by rowan leaves kill harmful microbes.

Top boxes with potatoes are covered with burlap. Please note: as moisture accumulates, the burlap is changed to dry. You can also lay horseradish and beets under the burlap - such a neighborhood will benefit all crops.

If it is decided to store the potatoes "in the old fashioned way" - in bins - they are covered with a layer of no more than 1 m. As a rule, the top layer of tubers will fog up, thereby creating foci of diseases. To prevent this from happening, immediately after laying the potatoes, they are covered with empty boxes or bags and baskets filled with sawdust or wood shavings. These materials are hygroscopic and absorb excess moisture well. You can put a layer of beets on top of the potatoes.

Since during storage the potato tubers seem to "breathe", while releasing a certain amount of heat, after a while the temperature in the storage may rise. In order to regularly monitor the temperature regime, it is imperative to hang a thermometer in the basement or in the cellar - at a height of about 1.5 m from the floor. If the temperature in the storage rises to 6 degrees, it must be properly ventilated. During the winter, such an event is usually held several times.

If the potatoes will be stored in a warm basement, the tubers can be placed in polypropylene bags, where they will sprout less. The main thing is not to forget to make ventilation holes in the bags.

Potatoes for winter storage should be harvested in dry, warm weather. Tubers are thoroughly dried in the open air to protect them from rotting and disease, but you should not do this on iron or concrete.

The tubers are sorted out and sorted according to size and quality. Store damaged potatoes separately from healthy ones.

  • If the boxes for storing vegetables have already been in use, they must be decontaminated. To do this, you can use a simple mixture of hot water, baking soda, and soap. When the tree is dry, treat it with lime and copper sulfate (at the rate of 100 g per 10 liters of water).
  • Straw interlayers prevent fogging and sprouting of potatoes when stored on a balcony or loggia.

Some vegetable growers are sure that potato rotting can be prevented by sprinkling the tubers with chopped garlic or shifting rowan leaves.

For residents of multi-storey buildings, the topic of storing potatoes is no less relevant, and the balcony has become a real lifeline for them. There are several proven ways to store crops.

In a city apartment with a balcony, you can use:

  • sawdust box
  • plastic container
  • insulated box made of boards
  • oven
  • flexible cellar
  • old refrigerator
  • heated container, etc.

It is important!

Potatoes should be stored at a temperature of 2 to 6 degrees above zero. If the vegetable freezes, then the decay process will quickly begin. If the room is too warm, the tubers will begin to shrink, both appearance and taste will suffer.

When storing potatoes on a balcony or loggia, it is necessary to protect the tubers not only from direct sunlight, but also from electric light. Potato crates are often heated using light bulbs to maintain the optimum temperature. In this case, the lamps must be covered with a metal sheet or shade, and if this cannot be done, the potatoes are wrapped in a dark cloth. If this is not done, the vegetable turns green and becomes unfit for human consumption.

Another important rule of good potato storage is regular ventilation.The lack of air circulation in the potato container will cause the vegetables to rot very quickly.


What is vermiculite and how to apply it to plants

What is vermiculite and how to use it in a garden plot, knows a gardener who has grown a lot of vegetables. A new material from the hydromica group serves as a fertilizer and growth stimulator for plants. The finished mixture contains a large amount of iron and copper.

Vermiculite. Illustration for the article is used from the site plaisir-usadba.ru


Pros and cons

If you compare, the list of pluses will be much more extensive than minuses. However, the disadvantages of such a component as expanded vermiculite, is also there. But let's start with the positives:

  • The properties of the soil, into which such a component has been introduced, become better at times. As we said, the earth begins to breathe. Moisture does not stagnate in it, which means there is no mold.
  • Salinity indicators are falling. The acidity also becomes lower.
  • Allows plants to painlessly survive temperature jumps, they will not freeze and dry out.
  • He's like a catalyst when it comes to fertilizers. Indeed, with the help of a mineral, they are absorbed by greens much more efficiently.
  • There is an increase! Such reviews can be heard about the amount of the crop from those who have already tried the product.
  • Allows you to grow various representatives of the flora without using soil, content only with such flaky fractions.
  • It is able to absorb components that are not the most useful for seedlings from the ground, such as heavy metals, for example, and accumulate them in its layers.
  • This material is reusable. Those. a product that has been used once can be put back into operation. However, before that, do not forget to ignite it.
  • The volume and number of irrigations can be reduced, which means that your costs, both for water and labor costs, will decrease.

  • If you have already stocked up on mineral in order to bring it into the ground, but the water from your water supply is very hard, be prepared for the fact that you will have to look for other sources of moisture. After all, such a neighborhood can change the acid-base balance. In this case, there will be too much alkali. Therefore, you either need to use a special. softener, or work hard to have melt water at hand. In this case, it can be just boiled.
  • There are such pests, which are saturated with such a component as soil vermiculite, soil becomes difficult to identify. They accumulate between the scales, disguising themselves in them.
  • When working with it, you need to take into account that when you start pouring the product from the bag, small particles will fly into the air. All due to the fact that it is very free-flowing. Therefore, it is recommended to moisten such a crumb for a start, and be sure to wear a gauze bandage before you plan to do a disembarkation.
  • It is easy to overdo it with moisture, if you do not focus on the newly acquired properties of the soil.

The material is far from all households. Departments can be found. After all, it is relatively expensive. Often, gardeners prefer to get by with the more inexpensive perlite. So vermiculite price per liter starts at twenty rubles.

On average, a bag will empty your wallet for five hundred rubles. There are also more expensive options. But they must justify themselves, since the mineral has no expiration date. Moreover, he is able to do you no service.


Perlite or vermiculite: which is better for plants?

Perlite and vermiculite, which is better for plants

Vermiculite is similar in purpose and use in floriculture and horticulture. It performs all the same functions of drainage, mulch and loosening of the soil. With one thing: vermiculite is more moisture-absorbing and more useful when growing seedlings, as it brings with it the necessary content of substances such as calcium, magnesium and potassium.

Perlite is absolutely neutral, and does not affect either the acidity of the soil or its mineral composition. And vermiculite forces you to make adjustments to the rates of top dressing. Decide for yourself which is better: here everyone chooses for himself. Many people prefer vermiculite, as it has a brown color, more similar to the color of the soil. And some people, on the contrary, like white pearlite balls, especially if you use it as mulch.

Let's compare in more detail?

Perlite and vermiculite are used to improve moisture retention and aeration in the soil. They are used in a similar way, but are not interchangeable. Perlite and vermiculite differ greatly in composition and soil improvement. Determining which is best to use in your garden depends on your plants and their needs.

Structure

Vermiculite is an aluminum-iron-magnesium silicate that resembles mica in appearance. For horticultural use, vermiculite is heated to expand the particles. This expansion allows it to absorb moisture when used as an embedding medium. Vermiculite can absorb 3-4 times its volume in water. It also contains plant nutrients such as potassium, magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus.

Perlite Is an amorphous volcanic rock rich in silicon. When mined for use as a fill medium, the perlite is crushed and also heated to expand the particles. Microscopic bubbles in pearlite beads also absorb and retain water, but they also retain air.

Description

Vermiculite is a spongy material from dark brown to golden brown. When dry, it is in the form of flakes. Perlite is a porous pumice-like material that looks like white granules. Perlite is sometimes mistaken for tiny foam balls when used in soil mixes.

Water retention

Perlite and vermiculite both hold water well, but vermiculite acts more like a sponge, holding much more water than perlite and providing less aeration for plant roots. Perlite retains water due to its large surface area with wrinkles and cracks available for storing water. Because it is porous, it allows excess water to escape faster than vermiculite and improves soil aeration.

Gardening and floriculture

Both vermiculite and perlite are used in the garden to prevent soil compaction, improve aeration, and retain moisture. They are also used for propagating new plants and growing seeds, as well as container growing, composting and lawn growing. However, how each material holds water and how much water it holds makes each material suitable for different plants.

Vermiculite is ideal for plants that prefer a lot of watersuch as forget-me-nots and some irises. Perlite would dry out too quickly for water-loving plants. However, the amount of water retained by vermiculite is not ideal for plants such as cacti or rhododendrons that require well-drained soil. Moisture trapped in vermiculite can lead to root rot or plant death.

Perlite is preferred when growing succulents, cacti, orchids and other plants prone to decay of the root system when the soil is waterlogged.


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