Luxurious hibiscus, belonging to the Malvaceae family, is also called the Chinese rose. This tropical plant is very often home grown. There are no difficulties in caring for him, but some rules, especially in winter, must be observed.
Hibiscus in winter: how to care for it properly
The main condition for the successful cultivation of any plant is to create conditions for it that are as close to natural as possible. Hibiscus is no exception.
In the wild, hibiscus grows in the rainforest, so it is necessary to create similar conditions in the apartment.
The Chinese rose is a tropical evergreen plant, therefore it badly needs good lighting. In winter, it is better to keep it on the southeastern or southwestern window sills, thereby providing the plant with a sufficient amount of sunlight. When placed in northern directions, you will have to organize additional lighting using phyto lamps or fluorescent lamps. Daylight hours for hibiscus in winter should be at least 8 hours. Lighting devices are installed at a distance of about 40-50 cm from the plant.
The Chinese rose is very light-requiring, therefore, it is most often placed on the windowsill.
It must be remembered that this culture does not tolerate direct sunlight, which causes ugly whitish spots from burns to appear on delicate leaves. Plants located on the southern windows need to be shaded. Hibiscus hates drafts, so you should carefully ventilate the room.
During the winter dormancy period, the Chinese rose needs coolness, the optimal room temperature will be about +13 ... + 18 ° C. It is when this condition is met that the laying of flower buds will occur. At higher rates, subsequent flowering will be rather poor or not at all.
If it is too cold (less than +10 ° C), then the plant immediately sheds all the foliage. The hot climate in the room (above +30 ° C) is destructive for hibiscus.
If you keep hibiscus in winter at unfavorable temperatures, then later it may not bloom at all.
With my parents, the Chinese rose grew to a large tree that was constantly, even in winter, covered with flowers. How many who did not take cuttings from this plant, such abundant flowering has never happened. I took a tiny flower already with buds. But at my house they safely fell off and subsequently did not appear again, since it was too warm in the room in winter.
Like most tropical crops, hibiscus thrives in high humidity. In winter, when the heating system is on and the room is too dry, the plant must be sprayed daily with a spray bottle.... Experienced growers recommend putting a flower pot in a tray of water filled with river pebbles or expanded clay.
Flower pots are placed in a tray with wet pebbles
You can not place a flower in the immediate vicinity of working heating devices, as they dry the air.
The Chinese rose is very demanding for the watering regime. The flower hates dampness and waterlogging, while its root system quickly decays. Water the plant only after the top layer of soil in the pot has dried (2-3 cm)... But it is also impossible to allow the earthen coma to completely dry out, because the leaves will begin to fall off. In winter, the culture is moistened as needed, usually no more than once every 5–7 days. To do this, use extremely well-settled water at room temperature.
In winter, plants are watered less frequently than in summer.
Watering in caring for a Chinese rose is the main difficulty, since you have to constantly monitor the state of the substrate in the pot in order to have time to respond in time and take timely watering measures.
Most often, hibiscus is not fertilized in winter, because the root system, being in a dormant period, functions poorly, vegetative processes stop and, therefore, nutrients are practically not consumed. But in order to lay more flower buds, some experienced flower growers feed the culture with forfor-potassium complexes, which are taken in a quarter dose (25%) of the recommended amount..
You can use (for 1 liter of water):
- superphosphate (0.4-0.5 g) and potassium salt (0.25 g);
- potassium monophosphate (0.25 g);
- liquid universal Pocon fertilizer for all types of plants (5 ml).
Top dressing is carried out at intervals of once a month.
In the universal fertilizer Pokon, the nitrogen content is low, so it can be fertilized with a Chinese rose in winter
Nitrogen-containing fertilizers cannot be used in winter, because this will cause unnecessary and premature growth of the green mass.
Transplanting a Chinese rose in winter is highly discouraged.... Transplanting is carried out only in case of emergency, which may arise when a plant is ill or attacked by pests, as well as after purchase. This is done by the transshipment method, trying to keep the earthen lump intact and not injure the root system.
In winter, the Chinese rose is transplanted only as a last resort.
To stimulate branching at the very end of winter or early spring, while active growth has not yet begun, all shoots of the Chinese rose are pruned. Each branch is shortened by about half, dried and bare shoots are removed completely.
Pruning at the very end of winter stimulates the branching of hibiscus
Video: we care for a Chinese rose in winter correctly
Winter care for hibiscus is not difficult at all and does not present any particular difficulties. But the future flowering of the Chinese rose depends on these competently conducted events.
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Chinese rose (Hibiscus) - planting and care
The unpretentious and pretty tree of Hibiscus (another name is the Chinese rose) will decorate any apartment. The Chinese rose attracts with its long flowering, charming simple or double flowers that resemble a blossoming rose. Flowers can have a variety of colors and shapes, depending on the type of hibiscus, of which there are about three hundred.
This tree or tree-like shrub grows up to 5 meters in nature, but at home it reaches a maximum of 1.5 meters. Today, short plants are also popular - hibiscus hybrids.
Glossy leaves are oval in shape, serrated along the edge. Shades of colors can be very different: from light pink or yellowish white to fiery red or purple purple.
Simple varieties of hibiscus have flowers similar to those of mallow. In its natural form, the flowering period is winter, in culture it can bloom for almost a whole year.
The homeland of the Chinese rose is southern China and northern India. Here it is bred everywhere, but in the wild it is no longer found. Hibiscus is known in Russia as a very popular houseplant.
The easiest way to propagate hibiscus is cuttings that root well even in water. For this purpose, cut off a shoot 8-15 cm long. The lower and largest leaves are removed from it. The cuttings are placed either in water or in moist coarse sand or light sandy soil. The container is covered with a mini greenhouse or polyethylene.
Roots appear in 25-30 days. After another 1-2 weeks, a young rose can be transplanted into a pot for permanent residence.
How to help a plant: tips and advice from florists for proper care and maintenance
Compliance with the recommendations of experienced florists will help preserve the buds and flowers of hibiscus
Hibiscus buds and flowers can be preserved by following these simple rules:
- It is best to choose the lightest room for the plant, but close the window with blackout curtains in the middle of the day.
- In summer, it is good to take the plant out to the balcony or garden, but avoid drafts.
- Before watering the flower, it is useful to loosen the soil so that it does not form a crust that prevents the enrichment of the roots with oxygen.
- To stimulate the laying of buds, hibiscus is placed in a cool, slightly darkened room in the fall (creating conditions for rest), and in February, it is transferred to a warm and bright room, gradually increasing its watering and feeding.
- Slightly sweetened water is considered a useful food for a flower: half a spoon in a glass of warm water.
- When defrosting the refrigerator, it is good to use melted ice (at room temperature) to water the tropical bush. If there is an admixture of blood from meat in it, then this is also a good feeding.
- Spraying with immunostimulating and anti-stress drugs: Zircon, Fitosporin, Epin-Extra and others helps to cope with prolonged stress of a weakened plant.
Treatment with solutions of red pepper or mustard helps well against pests.
You can get rid of annoying insects with folk remedies.
- Red pepper powder, diluted in half with water, boil for an hour, drain. After that, add a spoonful of the solution to a liter of soapy water and process the plant.
- Boil a quarter of a glass of mustard powder for a quarter of an hour in a liter of water, and after cooling down, dilute twenty times with water. It is used to treat a flower from aphids or scale insects.
To stimulate the flowering of hibiscus, it is imperative to prune the shrub, because buds form only on young branches. A few tips for proper cropping:
- Usually it is done before hibernation, but it can be done before the beginning of the growing season, in February.
- Damaged and dry shoots are removed, and the rest are cut off to a third of the length, leaving at least 3 buds.
- Twigs with buds should not be touched.
You can stimulate the late flowering of hibiscus (in autumn or even winter), leaving it cool and dark until May, watering occasionally. In this case, pruning should be carried out in late spring, repeating it in mid-summer.
How to make hibiscus bloom? You will learn about this from the video clip. Happy viewing!
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is a shrub that is currently popular in greenhouse and home cultivation. The plant, originally from southern China, is very thermophilic, so the harsh climate of Russia is not suitable for reproduction in outdoor conditions.
But indoor privileges allow the plant to feel great and delight with beautiful buds from March to October.
Unfortunately, it is not always possible to admire the many buds of the Chinese rose, since they can fall off before blooming. Many growers are wondering why this is happening, how to preserve the vitality of all flowers and what to do.
The origin and appearance of the plant
Garden hibiscus belongs to the category of tree-like plants growing in the Caucasus and South Korea. On holidays, Korean girls decorate their heads with hibiscus wreaths. With the right care of the decorative culture, you can admire the beauty of the bright colors in the cold region. The Chinese rose is quite successfully grown by residents of the Moscow region and St. Petersburg.
Outdoor hibiscus is quite frost-resistant. Back in the 1940s. breeders have developed a hybrid variety of this plant. Hibiscus can be classified as a tree crop or a bush / herbaceous plant.
For your information! The herbaceous varieties of the Chinese rose are annuals. However, perennial tree species are in greatest demand among florists.
Garden Chinese rose flowers can be colored in:
The flowers turn into fruits that resemble the shape of boxes filled with seeds. The foliage of the Chinese rose is incised, petiolate. Garden hibiscus is not only evergreen, but also with foliage falling for the winter. Home-grown hibiscus garden flower should be taken outside during the summer months. Proper care of the plant will allow you to grow a healthy hibiscus shrub that will delight you with abundant flowering every year.
Varieties and varieties of hibiscus
The hibiscus family is quite numerous and includes several hundred species... However, there are still not many representatives on this list that can be used for growing indoors. Most types of Chinese roses are intended for decorating garden beds, however, among them you can find those that can grow normally on the windowsill in the apartment:
- a well-known variety is Chinese hibiscus. Among its features, it is worth highlighting the original shape of oval leaves with a jagged edge. During the growing season, plants form large flowers of a pale pink or red hue. The diameter is usually 16 cm.For indoor cultivation, you can use a group of varieties, including Carmine Red, Double Rose, Florida, etc. The main reason for the popularity of these species among amateur flower growers is the bright design of the inflorescences
- a well-known species of the family is the hybrid hibiscus. Its uniqueness is given by the unusual color of the buds, which have a delicate pinkish tint. Large petals make them even more beautiful. The hybrid hibiscus owes its appearance to breeders who were able to get it by crossing the pink, holly and red species.
- Of all the currently known types of Chinese rose, the dissected hibiscus is the most original. And first of all, this is due to the unusual shape of flowers that have different colors. In the process of growth, long shoots are formed, which can take part in decorating flower beds. In addition, the plants often use the Syrian hibiscus, as well as some other species, although they are more garden plants.
I always liked the Hibiscus flower, or the Chinese rose, it blooms very beautifully. But I never had it. It was raised by my grandmother, she grew it in some kind of bucket, she never really looked after him, she just watered it, and he bloomed with her just gorgeous. My aunt grows it, I learned from her that it is difficult to breed it, since her it grew very large, and she wanted to update it, she constantly cut the cuttings, put them in the water, but they did not take root in her, and it grows in her houses a huge tree. I saw this flower in our clinic, slowly broke off a small twig and put it in the water at home, not hoping for anything, but it gave roots! I planted it in a pot, the flower didn’t die, but it didn’t grow either, it just froze, it’s not surprising, I planted it in the fall). But closer to spring, I noticed new leaves on it, and there was even a bud, but it disappeared, apparently, the flower is still not strong enough. Nevertheless, it is growing, and I am very glad that now I also have this flower. I hope that it will please me with flowering soon. My buds will be red (there are other varieties).
Actually, this is my mother’s acquisition, and although we have very different tastes with her, I really liked this plant. In December 2009, she brought a little scion and put it in a glass of water. I waited until the roots grow (about a week) and planted in the most ordinary soil. The sprout took root, and in the spring it grew rapidly. So far, only its interesting leaves have attracted attention - each leaf is akin to a work of art - in it different shades of green coexist with white and pink, moving from delicate to bright.In August, a fairly large bud was noticed on the plant, and what was our amazement when it opened up - the bright red center turns into tender pink, and then into "exuberantly" pink to the edges of the huge petals. The flower was not measured, but it was definitely at least 10 cm, and maybe even more. It did not bloom for long (2 days), but very beautiful! Now all the plants are in small buds, which are gradually gaining strength and size. I can't even imagine how beautiful it will be when they all start to bloom. And all this after some 9 months - not every plant blooms in the year of its planting, especially from the planting of a small sprout!babynadkahttp://otzovik.com/review_7877.html
There are many flowers in my apartment: trees, palms, succulents, but my favorite is Hibiscus (Chinese rose). An evergreen, perennial shrub blooming with bright, large simple or double flowers 10-13 centimeters in diameter, with a prominent central column of accrete stamens, will adorn any balcony or window sill. Very unpretentious in care, he tirelessly pleases me and my loved ones with his stunning beauty and tenderness. Such beauty settled on my windowsill last summer (my husband gave it for my birthday), and during this time it has bloomed three times! And now I live in anticipation of a small miracle, watching how day after day my favorite, gaining strength, releases more and more new buds that are about to bloom! Individual flowers are not durable, but they form constantly. Loves pruning (several shoots grow at the cut site at once, on which, subsequently, new buds are formed). Although ... you probably won't have to cut it, because the guests, seeing such beauty, simply cannot resist the temptation to "steal" the twig :)Mara84http://otzovik.com/review_50023.html
Despite the variety of flowers, hibiscus remains a classic plant that will always attract the attention of flower growers. The Chinese rose is endowed with many distinctive qualities. The culture has attractive flowers and wonderful decorative foliage. It is not difficult to form a beautiful tree from a plant. Hibiscus, despite various signs, gives its owner a lot of positive emotions.