Potato varieties recommended by the Rosselkhoznadzor for the Leningrad Region

Potato varieties recommended by the Rosselkhoznadzor for the Leningrad Region

Now harvesting is underway on six acres in gardening, and on the private plots of villagers, and on large fields of large agricultural firms. Tubers are also harvested on potato plantations. Immediately, I note that one of the main factors for obtaining a high yield of potatoes is correct selection of the variety.

And that is why it is so important already now, at the end of the current season, to determine what potato seed material is needed for the new season, to purchase the necessary varieties and put them in storage.

When evaluating varieties, attention is paid to such economically useful signs as good yield, keeping the tubers during storage, resistance to cancer, late blight, viruses, scab, rhizoctonia. Some varieties are resistant to golden potato cyst nematode.


Early and mid-ripening varieties are most in demand, since the Leningrad region is limited by the duration of the growing season, and late varieties usually do not have time to mature, and as a result are severely damaged during harvesting and, as a rule, are poorly stored.

In total, 249 varieties of domestic and foreign selection are presented in the State Register of Breeding Achievements approved for use in 2007. Many domestic varieties of potatoes, in comparison with foreign analogues, are more adapted to growing conditions, resistant to diseases, differ in the content of dry matter and starch, which determine the taste of tubers.

When grown in the Leningrad region, the following varieties are recommended:

Early varieties of domestic breeding potatoes:

Spring white - bred by the Institute of Genetics and the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture. Table variety. The tubers are light beige. The eyes are small. The pulp is white. The corolla of the flower is red-violet. Productivity is 27-38 t / ha. Marketability 85-93%. The mass of a commercial tuber is 80-100 g. Starch content is 11-15%. Good taste and keeping quality. Average resistance to viral diseases, alternaria, scab. Susceptible to late blight. Resistant to cancer. The value of the variety: high return on early marketable products and high storage capacity of tubers.

Spring - bred by the Leningrad strong point of the Institute of General Genetics. Dining purpose. The tubers are light pink. The eyes are of medium depth. The corolla of the flower is pale reddish purple. Productivity 32-41 t / ha. Marketability 85-95%. The mass of a commercial tuber is 100-30 g. Starch content is 10-15%. The taste is satisfactory. The preservation is medium to good. Moderately affected by late blight and common scab, weakly by Alternaria. Fertilizer responsive, prefers sod-podzolic soils... Variety value: early maturity, high yield and marketability.

Bullfinch - bred by the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture and the Institute of General Genetics named after N.I. Vavilov. Tubers are pink with small red eyes. The pulp is light yellow. Productivity 25-40 t / ha. Marketability 80-92%. Multi-tuberous. Starch content 16-20%. The taste and keeping quality are good. Relatively resistant to viral diseases, alternaria, late blight in tubers and common scab... Variety value: high yield, starchiness, good taste and crop safety.

Kholmogorsky - bred by the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture together with the Kholmogorsk Experimental Station of Livestock and Plant Breeding. The tubers are red. The eyes are medium. Productivity is 20-39 t / ha. Marketability 83-90%. The mass of the marketable tuber is 88-118 g. Poorly affected by the potato nematode. Susceptible to tops and moderately resistant to late blight in tubers... Variety value: early, resistant to potato nematode.

Luck - withdrawn by VNIIKH. A variety for table use and for preparing crispy potatoes in the autumn. The corolla of the flower is white. The yield is 30-50 t / ha, with early digging on the 60th day from planting - 12-15 t / ha. Marketability 96-100%. Marketable tuber weight 120-250 g. Starch content 12-15%. Medium to good taste. Stored well. Resistant to late blight on tops and tubers, to wet and dry rot, mosaic viruses, scab and rhizoctonia. Susceptible to Alternaria. The value of the variety: high yield and marketability, resistance to a complex of diseases and good preservation of tubers in winter.


Medium early potato varieties:

Elizabeth - bred by the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture and CJSC "Vsevolozhskaya Breeding Station". Tubers are light beige, round and short-oval. The pulp is white, not darkening. Productivity 29-40 t / ha. Marketability 79-96%. The mass of the marketable tuber is 83-140 g. Starch content is 13-18%. Good taste. Keeping quality is medium to good. It is relatively weakly affected by viral diseases and scab. Medium resistant to dry fusarium rot. It is moderately susceptible to late blight, but in the years of epiphytoties, the tops are strongly affected, while the tubers are weakly affected. Variety value: high yield, amicable formation of tubers with good taste.

Nevsky - bred by the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture and CJSC "Vsevolozhskaya Breeding Station". Tubers are light beige, oval, short-oval. The eyes are pink, small. Productivity 38-50 t / ha. Marketability 90-95%. The mass of marketable tuber is 90-130 g. Starch content is 10-12%. The taste is satisfactory and good. Keeping quality is good, but early germination of tubers is observed. It is relatively resistant to late blight and viral diseases. Not resistant to scab. Resistant to Rhizoctonia, Alternaria and Blackleg. Sensitive to breaking off sprouts, prone to overgrowth when planted in cold soil. Differs in fast regrowth of leaves after eating Colorado potato beetle... Variety value: high yield and marketability.

Sorcerer - bred by the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture and the Institute of General Genetics named after The eyes are small, uncolored. Productivity 30-35 t / ha. Marketability 90-93%. The mass of the marketable tuber is 80-110 g. Starch content is 15-17%. Good taste and keeping quality. Resistant to cancer, late blight and common scab, moderately resistant to viral diseases, drought. The value of the variety: high marketability, good taste and keeping quality, tolerates drought well.

Ryabinushka - CJSC "Vsevolozhskaya selection station" was removed A promising variety for dining purposes. The tubers are red, oval, the eyes are superficial, the peel is smooth, the flesh of the tuber is white, not darkening when cut. The corolla of the flower is blue-violet, small. Starch content 14-18%. Productivity-35-43 t / ha. Marketability-94%. Marketable tuber weight 90-120 g. Resistant to cancer, golden potato nematode, relatively resistant to late blight. Variety value: high marketability, good taste, resistance to golden potato nematode (Fig. 4).

Radonezh - CJSC "Vsevolozhskaya selection station" was removed The tubers are oval, creamy with pink spots, the eyes are small, red, sometimes not colored. The pulp of the tuber is creamy, does not darken when cut. Starch content 14-17.6%. The taste is excellent. High-yielding - 35-48 t / ha. Marketability - 95%. The mass of marketable tuber is 100-125 g. The number of tubers under the bush is average - 10-15 pcs. The variety is resistant to crayfish, golden potato nematode. Variety value: high marketability, good taste, resistance to golden potato nematode (Fig. 3).

Mid-season potato varieties:

Naiad - bred by the Institute of General Genetics. A variety for table use and for processing into crispy potatoes. The tubers are yellow. Productivity 20-37 t / ha. Marketability 82-90%. Marketable tuber weight 70-120 g. Starch content 12-16%. Medium to good palatability. The preservation is good in winter. Resistant to crayfish and golden potato nematode. Moderately susceptible to tops and resistant to late blight in tubers. Medium resistant to viral diseases, common scab. Variety value: nematode resistance and suitability for processing into crispy potatoes.

Aurora - CJSC "Vsevolozhskaya breeding station" was withdrawn. Tubers are oval, pink, eyes are superficial. The flesh of the tuber is white, not darkening when cut. Productivity is high, 35-49 t / ha, multi-tuber variety (16-23 pcs. In a bush), marketable tuber weight 80-120 g. Marketability-90%. Starch content 13.4-17.1%. Resistant to cancer, golden potato nematode, late blight on leaves and tubers. Variety value: high marketability, good taste, resistance to golden potato nematode (Fig. 1).

Ladozhsky - CJSC "Vsevolozhskaya breeding station" was withdrawn. Tubers are short-oval, white. The eyes are small, slightly pink. The flesh of the tuber is white, not darkening when cut. The yield is high, 38-46 t / ha. Marketability-96%. The mass of the commercial tuber is 130 g. The starch content is 15-17%. Resistant to cancer, golden potato nematode. Late blight resistance is high. Variety value: high marketability, good taste, resistance to golden potato nematode (Fig. 2).

Potato varieties of foreign selection, recommended for our region

Early

Timo Hankkiyan (Finland). Productivity 15-38 t / ha. The tubers are oval-rounded, the peel is yellow, the flesh is light yellow, the eyes are small, the mass of the marketable tuber is 65-120 g. The corolla of the flower is bluish-violet. Marketability 70-90%, keeping quality 96%, starch content 13-14%, good taste. Resistant to cancer, relatively resistant to rhizoctonia, common scab. Medium resistant to late blight, viruses. Variety value: early production, good taste, yield formation before the mass spread of late blight.

Fresco (Germany). A variety of universal use. Productivity 20-45 t / ha. Tubers are round-oval, yellow peel, light yellow flesh, small eyes, marketable tuber weight 100-130 g. Plant of medium height, white flowers. Marketability 88-99%, keeping quality 78-93%. Resistant to cancer, potato golden nematode, moderately resistant to viruses, rhizoctonia, common scab, susceptible to phyto-fluorosis in leaves, relatively resistant to it in tubers. Variety value: early production, nematode resistance, suitability for processing.

Felox (Netherlands). A variety for universal use. Round-oval tubers, yellow skin, light yellow flesh, small eyes, marketable tuber weight 90-115 g. Marketability 98%. Keeping quality good, starch content 16-17%, excellent taste. The variety is resistant to cancer, potato golden nematode, relatively resistant to viruses, rhizoctonia, common scab, moderately resistant to late blight. Variety value: early maturity, high productivity and marketability, excellent taste, nematode resistance.

Rikeya (Germany). Very tasty potato, has a pleasant rich taste that lasts until spring. The tuber is round-oval, the color of the skin is yellow, the color of the pulp is yellow, the depth of the eyes is shallow. Average yield is 26-34 t / ha. The average tuber weight is 90-170 g. The number of tubers in a bush is 9-15. The shelf life is excellent. Starch content 13%. Resistant to cancer, potato nematode, relatively resistant to viral diseases, phyto-fluorosis, moderately susceptible to common scab. Variety value: early maturity, high productivity and marketability, excellent taste, nematode resistance.

Medium early potato varieties:

Santa (Netherlands). The plant is tall, from erect to semi-erect, flowers are white. Tubers are oval, large, yellow peel, light yellow flesh, small eyes. Productivity is high, marketability, keeping quality and taste are good. The variety is resistant to cancer, potato golden nematode, late blight, viruses, moderately resistant to common scab. Susceptible to rhizoctonia. The value of the variety: high yield, nematode resistance, resistance to late blight and viruses, suitability for processing into French fries.

Romano (Netherlands). The plant is erect, tall, the color of the flowers is red-violet. The tubers are short-oval, the skin is pink, the flesh is light cream, the eyes are of medium depth, the weight of the marketable tuber is 70-80 g. The yield is 11-34 t / ha. Marketability is 90-94%, keeping quality is good, starch content is 10-13%, taste is good. Resistant to cancer, relatively resistant to mosaic viruses, moderately resistant to late blight, rhizoctonia, leaf-rolling virus, susceptible to common scab. Variety value: good uniformity of tubers, good taste.

Red Star (Netherlands). The variety is suitable for making chips, French fries. The tuber is oval, the peel is red, smooth, the flesh is yellow. The bush is of medium height, erect, the corolla of the flower is red-violet. The maximum yield is 24 t / ha. The average tuber weight is 65-86 g. The shelf life is good, the taste is good, the starch content is 11-15.8%. Resistant to potato cancer, potato golden nematode, viral diseases, scab. Variety value: suitable for making chips, French fries. Resistant to potato golden nematode, viral diseases.

Mid-season potato varieties:

Rosamund (Sweden). A variety for table use, for processing, as well as for baking whole in the oven. The tuber is large, the color of the peel is red, the color of the pulp is light yellow, the shape is elongated-oval, the eyes are small. The bush is of medium height, the flowers are red-violet. The yield is 26-35 t / ha, the average tuber weight is 90-140 g, the shelf life and taste are good, the starch content is 15-17%. Resistant to potato cancer, moderately resistant to common scab, to viral diseases. Medium resistant to late blight in leaves and highly resistant to tubers. Variety value: suitable for multipurpose use as table potatoes, for processing, as well as for baking whole in the oven.

Scarb (Belarus). Table variety, salad type. Productivity up to 65 t / ha, starch content 13-17%. Tubers are yellow, round-oval, oval with superficial eyes. The pulp is yellow. Resistant to potato cancer, potato golden nematode, bacterial and viral diseases. Suitable for the production of dried and crispy potatoes. Long dormant period of tubers. A unique variety, very valuable in terms of quality, has a record yield, marketability and keeping quality.

Lugovskoy (Ukraine). The plant is erect, of medium height, the flowers are white. The tubers are oval, the peel is light pink, the flesh is white. The tubers are oval, the peel is light pink, the flesh is white, the eyes are small, the weight of the marketable tuber is 85-125 g. The yield is high (maximum - 51 t / ha), the marketability is high, the keeping quality is good, the starch content is 12-19%, the taste is good. Resistant to cancer, relatively resistant to late blight, common scab. Variety value: stable yield, high marketability, good taste, resistance to late blight.

Medium late potato varieties:

Asterix (Netherlands). Suitable as table potatoes, as well as for processing into chips. The tuber is oval. The color of the peel is red, the color of the pulp is light yellow, the depth of the eyes is average. The bush is erect, high. Productivity 21-25 t / ha. The average tuber weight is 63-109 g. The shelf life is good, the palatability is good, the starch content is 14.4-16.6%. Marketability 71-91%. Resistant to potato cancer, potato golden nematode, viral diseases, late blight of tubers. Variety value: suitable for processing into chips, resistant to potato golden nematode.

In the Leningrad Region, seed crops of potatoes in 2006 occupied an area of ​​1906.5 hectares, of which by varieties: Nevsky 912.8 hectares (48%); Elizabeth - 487 hectares (25.5%); Lugovskoy - 167.2 hectares (9%); Sorcerer - 50 hectares (2.6%); Bullfinch - 33.4 hectares (1.8%); Naiad - 29 ha (1.5%); other varieties - 11.6%.

Elena Pavlova,
Head of the department for ensuring varietal seed control of FSU
"Leningrad Reference Center of Rosselkhoznadzor"


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