Some examples of urban vertical gardening
Views: 8148 Posted: 22-01-2015, 21:52 Comments: 0 Posted by natanikola
In vertical gardening, vines, climbing and ampelous plants are used for landscaping and decorating facades and garden and park structures. The lack of space most often makes resorting to vertical gardening, but for some, such an activity turns into a hobby or a lifelong business, simply because it is interesting, very beautiful and currently popular, and, therefore, also in price.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon began the official history of vertical gardening. Currently, this technique is widely used both in large parks, cottages and gardens, and in small areas. Vertical gardening firmly occupies the niche of landscaping small architectural forms, buildings and structures. Today's available variety of plants that are used in vertical gardening allow you to truly work wonders and implement even the most daring projects.
Functional use of vertical gardening
With the help of vertical gardening, you can make an old tree play with foliage and lush color, make an unsightly farm building drowning in foliage, protect a gazebo or pergola from the sun and wind, hide a garden bench from prying eyes. Plants that cover the facades and walls of houses as a result of landscaping allow not only to present it to others in a new way, but also have a beneficial effect on the internal climate, preventing overheating, the penetration of excess noise and protecting it from the wind.
Lianas in vertical gardening
The most popular vertical landscaping plants are vines. Their variety allows for a full range of shades of green and a palette of colors when choosing combinations with surrounding objects and intended or existing designs. The unique ability of lianas to wrap around a variety of supports is successfully used when landscaping architectural forms, they climb the supports, clinging to them with stems, aerial roots and antennae.
The most common annual and perennial vines, which are most often used in vertical gardening, are: ivy, maiden grapes, hops, clematis, honeysuckle, lemongrass, climbing roses, morning glory, melotria, kobea, kirkazon, sweet peas, round-leaved woodworm.
Advice for vertical gardening of small areas: you cannot use different types of vines, let it be one type that braids both a gazebo and a fancy garden shape, otherwise different vines will drown out the appearance of each other. In addition, when planting vines on your site, it is worth considering their appearance throughout the growing season and taking into account the growth rate.
As in any other business, there are pros and cons to using vines in vertical gardening. Among the advantages, one can take into account high decorativeness, the ability to create a microclimate, protect from wind, sun and noise, the ability to occupy a large area, the presence of a wide palette of shapes and tones that contribute to the implementation of various design ideas. The disadvantages include the ability of vines to accumulate dampness, which limits their use on the northern and north-western sides of buildings, besides, it is worth considering the large amount of foliage falling from the vines in autumn - there is a danger of clogging the gutters, one cannot but mention the root growth of some vines , which is able to break through the blind area, asphalt and paving slabs.
In cases of using vines in the garden, almost all disadvantages are reduced to zero, therefore, they are successfully decorated with gazebos, columns, trees, trellis, pergolas and other structures and supports.
Container Plants in Vertical Gardening
A variety of hanging pots, wicker baskets, boxes of fancy shapes and containers allow today to actively use ampelous plants in vertical gardening. They are used to decorate the entrance group, gazebos, patios and terraces, placed in the corners of plots and gardens. Tall flowerpots, stumps, carts and even umbrellas look interesting, from which ampelous plants strewn with flowers descend.
Fuchsias, pelargoniums, begonias, petunias, nasturtiums and a whole list of less common but beautiful plants in vertical gardening are used as ampelous plants.
With vertical gardening with container plants, containers with them are not only suspended. Boxes or containers of different sizes can be arranged in a vertical flower tower in which flowers are planted on each tier.
With the slope available on the site, you can arrange a raised multi-level flower bed with ampelous plants that will hang down, forming cascades of leaves and flowers. The bulkiness of structures in small areas should not be allowed - everything should be proportionate and harmonious.
Why use vertical gardening
As our experience shows, well-organized vertical landscaping is not only a tribute to fashion, but also a functional division of the garden into separate zones. You can create it in different ways.
Plants can be placed in pots or special containers at a certain height, from where the shoots will descend, forming a living carpet. Another option is to use plants climbing up some lightweight structure or special device. Such decoration is used to organize a green screen that decorates unsightly objects (barn, household block, etc.).
You can create vertical landscaping using various techniques and designs.
Cases are not excluded when "vertical greenery" is assigned the role of "emphasizing" small forms of architecture. For these purposes, special simple devices are created, along which climbing plants climb up. A similar technique is used to decorate fences from the inside. In this case, climbing plants become a continuation of the grass cover, passing to the vertical plane of the fence.
One of the goals of vertical gardening in the country is space zoning. For example - to fence off outbuildings from the recreation area, or to hide with a green screen from annoying neighbors.
And how do you like this option - to highlight the gazebo and turn it into a hedge of an unusual shape? Having shown imagination and using modern developments of gardeners and designers, you can create phytowalls of extraordinary beauty to the delight of yourself and your neighbors.
Today, there are ready-made structures for vertical gardening on sale. These are a variety of nets, lattices, screens and pergolas. Using even one of these elements will help create eye-catching objects in the garden.
Structures for vertical gardening
Depending on the design solution for vertical gardening in the garden, various arches, pergolas, suspended structures and vertical flower beds are used. The choice of plant support is important not only in terms of matching the garden design. The support must be reliable and strong for a heavy vine.
It is also necessary to consider the method of attaching the plant to the support. In this regard, it should be mentioned that there are a wide variety of types of vines used in vertical gardening.
There are supporting vines (for example, climbing rose). This type of vines must be tied up, since they themselves will not be able to climb the support. There are climbing vines that wrap around the support and gradually rise up. This group includes curly honeysuckle, actinidia, lemongrass, hops, etc. There are corn-growing vines that are attached to the support with their roots (for example, petiolate hydrangea). Antennaeous vines are attached to the support with the help of their own antennae (maiden grapes). There is a type of lianas of leaf climbers. This group includes numerous clematis, which reliably wrap around the support with their petioles.
It is worth saying that if you decide to make supports for vertical gardening yourself, then you need to remember that the material for the manufacture of structures must be either the same, or the difference should not be visible from one viewpoint. Otherwise, even the most beautiful flowering plant will "lose points" on an illiterately selected support.
Arches for vertical landscaping
The arch is an excellent solution for moving from one section of the garden to another. This is a favorite technique of landscape designers when landscaping a garden vertically. If space is available, you can create a real green or flowering corridor of repetitive arches. In order for the passage along the arched corridor to end more harmoniously, landscape designers recommend placing some interesting object at the exit from the arched vault. It can be a fountain, a statue, or just an original plant. Naturally, the object should match the style of the garden.
Errors made by novice gardeners: it is ugly and illogical to place an arch in the middle of the lawn or to the side of the path. The arch must lead somewhere. It should indicate the path of passage from one part of the garden to another. At the end of the arched corridor, either a beautiful landscape object or the purpose of the passage should be visible.
Structurally, an arch is either a vault or a straight (or other) overlap resting on supports. Most often, arches for vertical gardening are made of metal or wood. Comfortable dimensions for an arched passage - at least 2.2 m in height and 1.2 - 1.5 m in width. The recommended thickness of the side wall is at least 50 cm. It is this thickness that constitutes the strength of the arch. It is to this side wall that the vines will be attached.
Some landscape designers use a different method of vertical gardening - when not climbing vines, but shrubs or trees adjoin the arch. Such green passages (for example, from juniper or mock-orange) are a stunning sight. Naturally, such arches are carefully shaped by cutting the branches from the inside.
To help plants climb the arch, you can cover it with a thin lattice or net.
The entrance to the garden area forms the very first impression of the garden and its owners. It is not for nothing that designers are especially scrupulous about its design.
Pergolas for vertical gardening
Pergolas were originally built to support the vine. This idea came to us from the Mediterranean and gradually won the hearts of gardeners and designers. The design of the pergola is simple, but very aesthetic. It is a structure of several rows of columns that support the lattice structure. The pergola can withstand the load of climbing plants well, and can also perform some other design tasks. It can serve as a green corridor leading to different parts of the garden, or it can take on the role of a solo design object, for example, a gazebo.
Pergola over the garden path. Using vertical landscaping, you can achieve an imitation of a tunnel.
Pergola-screen is an excellent solution for vertical gardening of a recreation area. Protects the area from prying eyes.
A canopy pergola is used to protect the object from the scorching sun. It can be performed as an independent object, or an object adjacent to the house.
A pergola in the form of a visor will perfectly protect from the heat in the southern latitudes.
The choice of material for the pergola must take into account the general style of the garden. For example, if the paths are paved with stone or brick, then it is better to make a pergola in such a garden from the same material. Metal pergolas are more suitable for a modern style garden. Wood is considered a versatile material, so wooden pergolas will decorate any garden.
Trellis for plants
The use of trellises is another technique in vertical gardening of the garden. The trellis is a lattice structure made of a dense frame and thinner internal slats. Tapestries can be made of any material - metal, wood or plastic. Such structures can be used as an independent object or attached to the walls of buildings, pergolas, etc.
Tapestries create vertical accents on the site and give the garden a special charm. This technique is often used by landscape designers in vertical gardening. Trellises create shadow areas and make the garden unique. The simplest trellis, consisting of a lattice and a container for planting plants, perfectly decorates the entrance to the house.
Trellis are a great tool for creating a special fruit garden. By shaping a young tree in a special way, you can give the plant completely different bizarre shapes. A fruit garden can be formed in the form of an arched corridor, or you can stretch the branches of a tree along one line. This makes it much easier to care for and harvest in the future.
Hedge for plants
Hedges, depending on the plants that form them, are up to 2 m and higher. Fences, no higher than 50 cm, are called green borders.
The fashion for decorating fences has arisen for a long time. People tried to decorate them in every possible way, and a hedge is one such technique.
A hedge helps not only to zone the space and isolate itself from neighbors, but also to reduce the amount of dust on the site and reduce the noise level.
In order for the hedge to look luxurious, it needs to be cut regularly. The task of such a haircut is to achieve the required thickness of the skeleton, as well as giving the desired shape.
Special cutting of trees and bushes allows you to achieve the most incredible effects. This is the real skill and talent of the artist, which allows us to receive aesthetic pleasure from admiring such a garden.
Flowering and fruiting plants are perfect for hedges. Such "fences" enliven the garden space, smooth out defects and emphasize the special elegance of the garden.
Obelisks, or plant supports
Plant supports (in English - obelisk) are another interesting idea for vertical gardening. The pyramid support or obelisk support is an ancient invention. In Egypt, Europe, America, and now in Russia, this structure was used as monuments to family members. Later, such supports partially lost their meaning and began to be used for the needs of the garden. Variations appeared with different geometric shapes.
Supports are great for growing climbing plants, flowers, tomatoes, peas.
In the case when you need to quickly demarcate the space, several obelisks, placed in a row, are an excellent solution. No need to wait for the bushes to grow. Supports entwined with annuals or other vines will effectively and effectively help divide the area of the site.
Vertical flower beds - fashionable, comfortable and beautiful
In a confined space, a vertical flower bed looks good, consisting of several tiers of containers with plants. The gardeners' fantasy is not limited here. A vertical flower bed can be in the form of a wall, screen, sculpture, pyramid, circle, etc. Such vertical gardening has both aesthetic and practical value. In this way, you can grow flowers, herbs, herbs, etc.
The idea of berry vertical gardening, for example, strawberries, is becoming more and more popular. Vertical cultivation of strawberries has a number of advantages - no need to bend over, the berry does not rot, and the planting area is significantly increased. It is also very beautiful.
You can make such structures for vertical flower beds yourself or buy ready-made ones.
Vertical gardening of walls
There are examples of such vertical landscaping of walls and facades of houses, from which it is impossible to take your eyes off. Sometimes no special structures are used for these purposes, but simply planting climbing plants (ivy, maiden grapes, some types of hydrangeas, etc.).
Sometimes, especially in urban construction, a more sophisticated technology is used, thanks to which simply incredible design objects are created.
Vertical gardening is a creative and sophisticated way to transform your site, add opulence and exoticism, and dress unsightly designs in floral and green clothes. In addition, in some cases, vertical gardening is one of the practical areas of landscape design.
Variety of plants for vertical gardening
Many types of plants can be used for a decorative vertical flower garden. Among them there are decorative deciduous, decorative blooming and even fruit crops that can be grown for one season or several years.
With the help of Amur grapes, you can decorate a lush wall or a green dome over the entrance. Its numerous leaves at the beginning of the season have a pale green color, and towards autumn they take on reddish and purple hues. In autumn, large clusters with many blue-black berries ripen.
The variety has medium frost resistance and is distinguished by its extraordinary ability to attach to absolutely any surface. Due to its incredible creep, the Maiden grapes can grow over large areas, giving an annual growth of 3-3.5 m. Its leaves take on a raspberry-blackberry color closer to autumn.
For this culture, it is important to choose the right planting site, since limiting its violent growth will be quite problematic.
It's even hard to believe that this plant is a close relative of the kiwi. Undoubtedly, this culture will be not only a worthy decoration of the garden, but also a full-fledged fruit crop. Actinidia berries are more like gooseberries, but they taste like kiwi and contain many vitamins and other beneficial elements.
Dissolving, the leaf plates of this plant have a bronze color, then they change to green, after the end of flowering they are covered with pink spots, and in the fall they become crimson. Actinidia flowers are small fragrant white, after the wilting of which, tasty green berries begin to set.
Liana with powerful growing shoots that twine around tree trunks and other supports and can rise to a height of more than 10 m. Its large leathery light green leaves change their color to bright yellow by autumn. The fruit is decorative, they look very interesting and are colored yellow-orange.
The classic option for vertical gardening. A beautiful hedera (the second name for ivy), covering the facade of a country house with its bright green carpet, can give it the appearance of a real English mansion.
Ivy can be used to create dense green walls. He, of course, does not differ in rapid growth, but it is unpretentious in care and curls well.
When choosing ivy for vertical gardening, it is important to take into account the particular climate in the region. For mid-latitudes, it is preferable to grow winter-hardy varieties, for example, Irish ivy.
A fragrant, well-known plant for a long time, which is used not only in the preparation of intoxicating drinks, but also for decorating personal plots. Hops are very tenacious and unpretentious. When growing such a plant in the garden, it is important to limit its area, since it can easily grow and interfere with the development of other crops.
This curly variety of honeysuckle will decorate walls and fences with its extraordinary buds and berries throughout the season. The berries look very decorative, but they cannot be eaten. Careful care is needed for honeysuckle, otherwise its numerous shoots will thicken strongly, get tangled and turn into an untidy lump.
Honeysuckle makes great hedges
Numerous shoots of this type of honeysuckle are densely dotted all summer with lush inflorescences of bright red oblong flowers, which are then replaced by elongated red berries. The brown variety cannot boast of particular winter hardiness, therefore, in regions with severe winters, before the onset of cold weather, the plant is covered with non-woven material.
Creeping vine, very resistant to the vagaries of the weather. Its flowering begins in May and continues until the very frost. At this time, its shoots are densely covered with many large, beautiful flowers of bright color. For clematis, it is important to provide vertical supports for which they will cling and grow up. In order for the leaf petioles to grip the structure, its diameter should be no more than 1-1.5 cm.
Climbing nightshade varieties are shrubs with long stems. In care, the plant is unpretentious and hardy. Its shoots grow rapidly and branch well, and during the flowering period they are dotted with potato-like star-shaped flowers. Anyone, even a lazy gardener, can grow such a liana on his site, since nightshade grows well on any soil and in any part of the garden.
This tree-like, unpretentious liana is distinguished by its rapid growth, but begins to actively grow shoots only when a steady heat occurs. Therefore, when planting Kampsis on your site, it is important to wait until warm weather sets in.
For the same reason, a plant overwintered in the ground will not wake up for a long time and wait for favorable conditions. Campsis blooms with bright orange large flowers. It is important for the vine to provide strong support.
Campsis on a concrete wall
It can grow up to 6 meters in length. This vine is incredibly decorative. It is decorated with openwork finely dissected light green leaves and bright red small star-shaped buds. The flowering period begins in the first months of summer and lasts until the beginning of autumn.
In temperate latitudes, quamoklite can be grown as an annual plant. Its seeds are sown directly into the soil in a permanent place, avoiding replanting. For this vine, it is worth choosing a well-lit place, and periodically fertilizing the soil.
Another incredibly beautiful decorative flowering annual. The shoots of this plant densely cover the support, and numerous leaves cover the space with a green blanket. Bright flowers in the form of gramophones will give the site an elegant and cheerful look.
Morning glory will decorate any fence
In our latitudes, kobei is also grown as an annual plant. This thermophilic vine grows very quickly, but it makes special demands on the soil. A suitable substrate for planting should be fertile and loose. It blooms with large, bell-like flowers up to 8 cm in diameter.
One-year, fast-growing liana with strong branching shoots. It blooms continuously from early summer to autumn frosts with flowers in the form of gramophones with the most varied and vibrant colors.
A climbing perennial shrub that can grow to a height of 6-8 meters. In the early years, it is important for young plants to provide support or tie up its shoots. It is best to place Kirkazon in a shaded area.
It blooms in May-July, but its buds are covered with dense and dense green foliage. The soil for the plant is chosen fertile, nutritious, abundant watering, especially during periods of drought.
An ornamental annual plant that can grow up to 1.5-2 m. Peas love fertile soil and good lighting.
Spectacular decoration of an old fence
An annual liana that quickly wraps around the supports and can grow up to 2.5-3 meters. The flowers are white, red or variegated from July to September.
Ornamental bean flowers are replaced by pods, which, when mature, contain edible fruits. Young pods can also be eaten. Beans can grow in a well-lit area and in partial shade. It is important for her to prepare a well-moistened fertile substrate.
A beautifully flowering annual with shoots capable of extending up to 2 m in height. In order for the nasturtium to begin to curl, it is important to provide it with a wire or twine support, to which the plant is neatly tied. The flowering period is from June to mid-autumn.
Nasturtium is a wonderful garden decoration
Climbing roses need good support. These ornamental flowering plants with long creeping or drooping shoots will be a luxurious addition to any site. Among the huge varietal variety, there are plants flowering one or more times per season.
Depending on the variety, rosebuds can have a wide variety of colors, be simple and semi-double. Except for the need for support, caring for climbing roses is not much different from growing regular garden varieties.
Unpretentious thermophilic annual. It grows up to 2 m in height. The flowers are orange with five petals and a characteristic dark spot in the center.
Annual with up to 8 m long shoots. If there is no support, it will creep along the ground. The flowers are white or greenish yellow with six petals. The fruits are inedible, about 5 cm long, similar to a small prickly cucumber or watermelon.
Vertical green spaces will significantly transform the appearance of the suburban area. A little effort, patience and imagination is all that is needed to create an original phytodesign that will help you "merge" with nature.