Lupine, a very rustic perennial ... with original flowers
Lupine is a plant usually found in rustic gardens. It is also said that it is a plant that is planted in numbers in the priest's gardens. In the small village where I used to live, if so "formerly", well, without being "an old man" I am no longer "a new kid" ... I am between two waters. In short, in this small village, there was a priest, a good priest, always smiling, always sympathetic, always attentive to others… A priest what…. Whenever he spoke to me, he invariably began his sentences with… "Saint-Daniel, from the lion's den"… I still see him with his big white and bushy eyebrows taking care of his garden, lots of roses, flowers. climbing plants, wallflowers… A few brambles too… And lupines, these superb, very colorful flowers, erected on stems, erect in spikes, silky, shiny, sometimes silvery, lanceolate foliage. Today, the Abbot is undoubtedly with St Daniel in the lions' paradise where (I wish him) he enjoys a beautiful garden, with lupines.
• Lupinus regalis (hybrid): Russel's Lupine
• Cycle: Perennial
• Foliage: lapsed
• Hardiness: very hardy plant (-28 ° C)
• Family: Fabaceae - fabaceae
• Harbor : upright tuft
• Exhibition: Sun to partial shade
• Sowing: Spring, fall division.
• Plantation: spring
• Flowering: May to July and sometimes September
• Rooting: root system
• Culture Zone: in the ground 5 to 10 ((see France and Quebec hardiness maps)
• Origin: Europe, America Asia (northern hemisphere)
• Honey plant: Yes
• Cultivation in the ground
• Good hold of cut flowers.
What advantages in the garden?
• Superb flowering and decorative foliage.
• Very easy to grow plant.
• Sun to partial shade.
What soil for the Lupine ?
• Any type of soil, except limestone, well drained maybe slightly acidic.
When to sow
• Sowing under a cold frame around April.
• In warmed soil, from mid-May.
How to sow the seeds:
• Use peat pots.
• Fill them with seed soil.
• Tamp well.
• Make 2 holes with your finger.
• Place 2 seeds per pot, about 1 cm deep.
• Water them in fine rain.
• Keep moist until emergence.
• Keep only the prettiest seedling.
• Water on dry soil.
• Open the sash during the day and close it at night.
• When the seedlings measure around 5 to 10 cm…
Sowing lupine in the ground:
• Prepare the ground, work the ground on a good height of spade without turning it over.
• Add sand to improve the draining power.
• Sow in pockets of 3 or 4 seeds every 40 centimeters.
• Water well. Keep the soil moist until emergence.
• Keep only the prettiest shoot.
When to plant lupine?
• In May.
How to plant it lupines:
• Work the soil at a spade height.
• Add sand, lupines appreciate draining soils.
• Make a hole a little bigger and deeper than the root ball.
• Place a sand / peat mixture.
• Place the lupine and fill with a mixture of garden soil, sand, and heather soil.
• Tamp well.
• Support large plants.
A word from the amateur gardener
Anticipate the renewal of the lupine clump every 3 or 4 years.
Division / Multiplication of lupine:
• Multiplication by seed or by division.
When to practice division?
• In autumn.
• Remove the ears of withered flowers.
• Tutor, in the long run, to maintain them, the biggest ears.
• From May to July and sometimes September.
There are very many species Tree lupine, dwarf annual lupine, Cruckshanksii lupine, Hartweg lupine, indigo lupine…
• Russel's lupine, hybrid, “candlestick”: with yellow flowers.
• Russel's lupine, hybrid, “the Page” with carmine flowers.
• Russel's lupine, hybrid: “La Demoiselle” with white flowers.
More dense varieties, ideal in pots.
• Russel's lupine, hybrid: “Gallery” with pink, or yellow, or carmine flowers.
• Russel's lupine, dwarf hybrid: “Minarettes” several colors
What to plant with lupines?
• Plant the lupines with Poppies, bellflowers, hearts of Mary…
• ATa garden: Massif, embankment, rustic garden, wild garden
• Without garden: In large pot 50 centimeters in diameter, choose more compact varieties
Photo by Mr. Tickle on wikipedia.org under creative common license 2.5 / Modified for / by Notre site Web
Sun or partial shade
Drained soil, rather acidic
Regular in pot.
Not necessary in the ground.
- Cut (HxW) :
Up to 0.6 x 0.5 m
How to stake the carnations?
Install a wire mesh over the plant
- Set 4 stakes in the ground surrounding the tuft to be staked.
- Fix a fine or medium mesh netting on the stakes: pushing through the meshes, the rods will remain straight.
How to prune the carnations?
For perennial carnations, cut the stems in the fall to a few inches and optionally cover with a mulch of dead leaves. For annual carnations, you can pull them out in the fall because they don't grow back from year to year.
How to maintain poet's carnations?
Caring for the poet's carnation
- Cut off the faded flowers as you go, this stimulates the appearance of new flowers.
- Cutting off the wilted flowers as you go along allows for a slight upturn at the end of the season.
- Water only in case of prolonged drought.
What are Perennial Carnations?
The poet's carnation or bearded carnation, Dianthus barbatus, is a perennial carnation but usually grown as a biennial plant. 20 to 60cm high depending on the variety, it blooms at the end of spring and the colors of its flowers grouped in a bouquet are varied, often two-tone.
How to maintain lupine?
Lupine requires little work. It is especially in summer that it will have to be taken care of. When the weather is hot, be sure to keep the soil cool with good mulching and regular, generous watering after evening.
Prune wilted flowers as you go to encourage new growth for next fall. Lupine is rather hardy and resists frost. In winter, simply cut off leaves and faded flowers without mulching.
The lupine can reach 50 to 60 cm high, enough to give volume to your space!